The 15th Night of Sha’ban – A Moment of Supplication

Throughout the past fourteen centuries, our esteemed scholars have endowed the status and virtue of the 15th of Sha’ban through their actions and statements. Following their deep quest for the knowledge of the Qur’aan, Hadith, Tafseer (Commentary of the Qur’aan), and after contemplating upon their sincere connection with Allah سبحانه وتعالی and His Beloved Messenger ﷺ, they came to realize the value of this night. They saw it as an opportunity to detach one’s self from this distractive world, and connect to the remembrance of the Lord of the Worlds. They saw it as the mid-most night of a month that has been praised in its virtue and extolled in its blessings throughout the Ahaadith of Our Beloved Prophet ﷺ. A night in which every Muslim can strive to embark upon the path of rectification and attain a portion of utmost blessings and bounties.

The great companion of the Prophet ﷺ – Sayyidinaa Abdullah Ibn Umar رضی الله عنه – was known for being the closest in emulating every minute detail of the Prophetic Sunnah. He رضی الله عنه became known by this salient feature, whilst in the presence of his father Sayyidinaa Umar Ibn Al-Khattab رضی الله عنه, and the most senior companions who followed the Prophet ﷺ in the highest extent of Ittibaa’ (Obedience and Emulation). This great companion was so close in following the practices of the Prophet ﷺ, that his actions and statements have been utilized as supporting evidence in matters as high as Fiqh (Jurisprudence), to further clarify aspects of Prophetic Practice. This great companion tells us in a statement narrated from him رضی الله عنه:

عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ: ” خَمْسُ لَيَالٍ لَا يُرَدُّ فِيهِنَّ الدُّعَاءُ: لَيْلَةُ الْجُمُعَةِ، وَأَوَّلُ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ رَجَبَ، وَلَيْلَةُ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ، وَلَيْلَةُ الْعِيدِ وَلَيْلَةُ النَّحْرِ

“There are five nights in which Du’aas are not rejected; The night of Jumu’ah (Thursday Night), the first night of Rajab, the midmost night of Sha’ban, the night before Eid al-Fitr,
and the night before Eid al-Nahr.” (Shu’b Al-Imaan)

The greatest scholars of the earliest generation recognized the value of this night as a means of Du’aa and supplication to Allah سبحانه وتعالی, and took it as opportunity to connect with their Lord and be forgiven in the vastness of His infinite mercy. The legendary scholar of Islam, and one of the four primary scholars of this Ummah – Imaam Ash-Shaafi’i رحمه الله – spent his entire life studying and mastering every field of knowledge that would enable him to reach a deep, holistic understanding of the Islamic tradition. He spent seventeen-years just on the language, grammar and linguistic essence of the Qur’aan, Hadith, and all authoritative Islamic texts. After his life-long study, and his observation of the pious predecessors, Imaam Ash-Shaafi’i رحمه الله stated:

إنَّ الدُّعَاءَ يُسْتَجَابُ فِي خَمْسِ لَيَالٍ فِي لَيْلَةِ الْجُمُعَةِ، وَلَيْلَةِ الْأَضْحَى، وَلَيْلَةِ الْفِطْرِ، وَأَوَّلِ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْ رَجَبٍ، وَلَيْلَةِ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ

“Indeed, Du’aas are accepted in five nights; in the night of Jumu’ah, the night of Eid Al-Adha, the night of Eid Al-Fitr, the first night of Rajab, and the mid-most night of Sha’ban”
(Kitaab Al-Umm)

It is narrated that Sayyidah A’ishah رضی الله عنها saw the Prophet ﷺ praying in the night, supplicating at the graveyard of Baqi’, as this was the night in which Allah سبحانه وتعالی forgives his slaves in vast multitude, asking them: “Is there anyone seeking forgiveness from Me so that I may forgive him? Is there anyone seeking provision from Me so I may provide for him? Is there anyone suffering so I may relieve his suffering?” (Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah)

Whilst there are certain evil traits that can deprive a person of acceptance and incur punishment at any given time, it is especially true of such virtuous nights. Thus, it is also narrated that the following people will be deprived of any benefit on this night:

  • Those who equate others with Allah سبحانه وتعالی
  • Those who possess hatred or rancor in their hearts for their fellow Muslims
  • Those who commit Zina (Fornication/Adultery)
  • Those who sever bonds of kinship with family relative
  • Those who violate the rights of their Parents.

May Allah سبحانه وتعالی protect us from ever being included amongst them and grant us the Tawfeeq (Ability) to avoid such actions.

إِنَّآ أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةٍۢ مُّبَـٰرَكَةٍ ۚ إِنَّا كُنَّا مُنذِرِينَ ؛ فِيهَا يُفْرَقُ كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ

“Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind]. Therein [i.e., on that night] is made distinct every precise matter” (Surah Al-Dukhan 44:3-4)

Some of the Mufassireen (Commentators of the Qur’aan), have opined that these verses contain an indication of reference to this blessed night of Sha’ban. They have commentated that the momentous task of the Qur’aan’s descension to the first heaven and beyond was initiated on the mid-most night of Sha’ban, and reached completion on Laylah Al-Qadr (The Night of Decree). Likewise, they offer the conclusion that the decree of the following year begins to descend from Al-Lawh Al-Mahfooz (The Preserved Tablet above the Seven Heavens) on this night, after which it reaches the realm of angels and they are then briefed upon their duties, until the Decree is concluded by the Lord of the Worlds on Laylah Al-Qadr.

The Sha’ban of the Pious Scholars

Reflecting upon these points above, in addition to the vast corpus of Islamic texts, the pious scholars would maximize the benefits and acceptance of this night in a manner inspired by various Ahaadith of the Prophet ﷺ. They would supplicate – and teach others to supplicate – with a Du’aa formulated upon the various injunctions reported regarding this night, such as mercy, forgiveness, fulfillment of needs, prosperity of life etc., and likewise seek protection from the warnings transmitted in regards to those deprived in this night, supplicating via the correct manner and formation of Hamd (Praise) and Salawaat as instructed in various Ahaadith of the Prophet ﷺ.

Prior to supplicating, they would maximize their Du’aa by fortifying its acceptance through the Prophetic injunction of Surah Al-Yaseen, which is reported to be a means of Allah سبحانه وتعالی fulfilling the needs of its reader (Sunan Ad-Daarimi). They would formulate three intentions and place their hopes in the infinite mercy of Allah سبحانه وتعالی for their acceptance and fulfillment, reciting Surah Al-Yaseen once for each intention, followed by their Du’aa. Thus, they would adopt the following style of supplicating to Allah سبحانه وتعالی in this blessed night:

  1. Have sincere hope in Allah سبحانه وتعالی for the fulfillment of each intention,
  2. Recite Surah Al-Yaseen for each intention,
  3. Complete each recitation by making Du’aa to Allah.

Step-by-step Method:

  1. They would first recite Surah Al-Yaseen with the intention of being blessed with a long life in the obedience of Allah سبحانه وتعالی, thereafter supplicate with their Du’aa (which can be found below).

  2. They would then recite the second one with the intention of calamities being diverted, followed by their Du’aa.

  3. Then finally, they would recite the third one with the intention of being self-sufficient from people and being blessed with a virtuous death, followed by their Du’aa.

The Du’aa they would recite after each recitation of Surah Al-Yaseen is as follows:

بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ ؛ اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنِ ؛ اَللّٰهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ آلِهِ وَ صَحْبِهِ وَ سَلِّمْ

اَللّٰهُمَّ يَا ذَا الْمَنِّ وَلَا يُمَنُّ عَلَيْهِ، يَا ذَا الْجَلَالِ وَالإِكْرَامِ، يَا ذَا الطَّوْلِ وَالإِنْعَامِ ؛ لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ ظَهْرَ اللَّاجِئيْنَ وَجَارَ الْمُسْتَجِيْرِيْنَ وَأَمَانَ الْخَائِفِيْنَ ؛ اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ كَتَبْتَنِي عِنْدَكَ فِي أُمِّ الْكِتَابِ شَقِيًّا أَوْ مَحْرُوْمًا أَوْ مَطْرُوْدًا أَوْ مُقَتَّرًا عَلَيَّ فِي الرِّزْقِ، فَامْحُ اللّٰهُمَّ بِفَضْلِكَ شَقَاوَتِي وَحِرْمَانِي وَطَرْدِي وَإِقْتَارَ رِزْقِي، وَأَثْبِتْنِي عِنْدَكَ فِي أُمِّ الْكِتَابِ سَعِيدًا مَرْزُوْقًا مُوَفَّقًا لِلْخَيْرَاتِ، فَإِنَّكَ قُلْتَ وَقَوْلُكَ الْحَقُّ فِي كِتَابِكَ الْمُنَزَّلِ عَلَى لِسَانِ نَبِيِّكَ الْمُرْسَلِ: ﴿يَمْحُو اللهُ مَا يَشَاءُ وَيُثْبِتُ وَعِنْدَهُ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ﴾ إِلٰهِی بِالتَّجَلِّي الْأَعْظَمِ فِي لَيْلَةِ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَهْرِ شَعْبَانَ الْمُكَرَّمِ، الَّتِي يُفْرَقُ فِيهَا كُلُّ أَمْرٍ حَكِيمٍ وَيُبْرَمُ، اَنْ تَكْشِفَ عَنَّا مِنَ الْبَلَاءِ مَا نَعْلَمُ وَمَا لَا نَعْلَمُ وَمَا أَنْتَ بِهِ أَعْلَمُ، إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ الْأَعَزُّ الْأَكْرَمُ

وَصَلَّى اللهُ عَلَى سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ النَّبِيِّ الأُمِّيِّ وَعَلَى آلِهِ وَصَحْبِهِ وَسَلَّمَ

Translation: “In the Name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Compassionate. All praise is due to Allah Lord of the Worlds. Oh Allah, send salutations and peace upon our Master Muhammad and upon his Family and Companions.

Oh Allah! Oh bestower of favors who is not bestowed favor by anyone! Oh Possessor of Majesty and Nobility! Oh Possessor of Power and Bounties. There is no god other than You. You are the protector of those who seek refuge, and the supporter of those seeking assistance, and the guardian of those in fear. Oh Allah, if You have recorded me in the “Ummul Kitaab” (i.e., the ‘Lawh Al-Mahfooz’ The Preserved Tablet) as being wretched or deprived or cast out, or if You have recorded that my provision be restricted, then erase, Oh Allah – out of Your bounty; my wretchedness, my deprivation, my banishment and my restriction in provision, and establish me in the “Ummul Kitaab” as felicitous, plentiful in provision and endowed with capacity for good. For indeed You have said – and Your word is true – in Your revealed Book, on the tongue of Your Prophet ﷺ: “Allah erases and confirms what He wishes and with Him is the Mother of the Book.” Oh Allah! By your most exalted manifestation, on the fifteenth night of this ennobled month of Sha’ban – in which every decreed affair becomes distinct and fixed, we ask You to clear from us the tribulations we know of and those we do not know of, and those which You are most knowing of, for truly You are the Most Mighty, the Most Generous.

Oh Allah, send salutations and blessings upon our Master Muhammad and upon his Family and Companions.

May Allah سبحانه وتعالی accept us amongst those who will attain his pleasure and be showered by his mercy, forgiveness and acceptance on this night, and protect us from his anger and being deprived.

UPCOMING EVENT: Preparing for Ramadhan – 04/04/21

Join us for our next upcoming event: “PREPARING FOR RAMADHAN”

Online webinar via Zoom, covering the Fiqh of Fasting (Shaafi’i), Spirituality in Ramadhan, Health & Well-Being

Sheikh Omar El-Hamdoon
Sheikh Abdur Rahman Khan
and other guest performers…

Sheikh Omar will be teaching the section of Fasting from his newly published translation of the classic manual of Shaafi’i Fiqh: “Al-Muqaddimah Al-Hadramiyyah”


Q&A SESSION: Sheikh Omar will be answering questions after the lesson, please submit your questions here

#21: As-Saabiqoon Al-Awwaloon: The Foremost Pioneers

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم
الحمد لله رب العالمين الذي منّ علی المؤمنين اذ بعث فيهم رسولا من انفسهم يتلوا عليهم ايته و يزكيهم و يعلمهم الكتاب و الحكمة و ان كانوا من قبلُ لفي ضلال مّبين

The first three years of the Prophet’s ﷺ mission were the period of the secret call, wherein the Prophet ﷺ would individually call selected individuals to Allah  سبحانه و تعالی. This was a period of initiation and foundation, in which Allah  سبحانه و تعالی was preparing his beloved ﷺ and fortifying his mission with the purest of souls, who would form the special league of As-Saabiqoon Al-Awwaloon (The Foremost Pioneers).

Allah  سبحانه و تعالی decreed for this world to be a realm of magnitude, that which attracts each other and connects together, and that which repels and merges elsewhere. Beauty attracts beauty, purity draws on purity, and life connects with life, whilst darkness repels light and evil resists good. Thus, did Allah  سبحانه و تعالی attract souls of beauty to the physical manifestation of beauty in creation ﷺ, and draw the purest of souls to the one who was sent to purify this world. These blessed individuals would connect with the Prophet of Allah ﷺ, be drawn to the purity of Islam, and become illuminated with the light of Imaan, until they themselves would be the greatest torchbearers of this light.

They would be the first to be accepted for this Ni’mah Adheemah (Exalted Blessing) and the first to be led to the Prophet ﷺ. They would be the first to know Allah  سبحانه و تعالی, the first to know His Prophet ﷺ, the first to worship, the first to pray and amongst the first to die upon faith. They would form together to become the strongest supporters of the Prophet’s ﷺ mission and some of its greatest defenders.

These were individuals whose heart remained firm on the pure Fitrah that every human being is born upon, and were always averse to the traits of Shirk (Paganism) and Jaahiliyyah (Ignorance). Hence, the moment the words of the Qur’aan descended upon this earth, their hearts were the first to be drawn to its presence, by the will and grace of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی. Such blessed souls whom Allah  سبحانه و تعالی would honour with a timeless ode in the Glorious Qur’aan:

وَٱلسَّـٰبِقُونَ ٱلْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ ٱلْمُهَـٰجِرِينَ وَٱلْأَنصَارِ وَٱلَّذِينَ ٱتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَـٰنٍۢ رَّضِىَ ٱللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا۟ عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّـٰتٍۢ تَجْرِى تَحْتَهَا ٱلْأَنْهَـٰرُ خَـٰلِدِينَ فِيهَآ أَبَدًۭا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ ٱلْفَوْزُ ٱلْعَظِيمُ

“As for the foremost – Emigrants and the Helpers – and those who follow them in goodness, Allah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him, and He has prepared for them gardens under which rivers flow, residing in there forever. That is the Great Success” (Surah Al-Tawbah 9:100)

Sayyidah Khadijah  رضی الله عنها – The First Believer

The very first adherent to this beautiful religion of Islam was the blessed wife of the Prophet ﷺ, Sayyidah Khadijah bint Khuwaylid رضی الله عنها. Her beauty and purity drew her to the heart of the Prophet ﷺ fifteen years before Prophethood, and it would likewise draw her to what was revealed in his ﷺ blessed heart before anyone else. She was a woman of great nobility and dignity and held a persona of honour amongst her society. From amongst her many commendable traits was her unshakable faith and absolute support for the Prophet ﷺ – from the very first moment he ﷺ received revelation – all the way through the years of hardships that followed. From this moment onwards, she would spend the rest of her life standing by the side of the Prophet ﷺ, as his greatest partner and his ultimate source of comfort. She would give every last drop of her love, her wealth, her health and her strength supporting the Prophet ﷺ and his call to Allah  سبحانه و تعالی. In later years, Our Prophet ﷺ would remember her saying:

آمَنَتْ بِيْ حِيْنَ كَفَرَ بِيَ النَّاسُ، وَ صَدَّقَتْنِيْ حِيْنَ كَذَّبَنِيَ النَّاسُ، وَ أَشْرَكَتْنِيْ فِي مَالِهَا حِيْنَ حَرَمَنِيَ النَّاسُ، وَ رَزَقَنِيَ اللهُ وَلَدَهَا، وَ حَرَمَ وَلَدَ غَيْرِهَا

 “She believed in me when the people disbelieved in me, and she trusted in me when the people belied me, and she supported me with her wealth when the people would not, and Allah provided me with children through her and did not (provide children) from anyone else other than her.” (Musnad Ahmad)

Sayyidinaa Ali رضی الله عنه – The First Child

This pure and brave soul was drawn into the home of the Prophet ﷺ, and was being nurtured under his ﷺ care when his mission first began. He رضی الله عنه was thus guided to Islam when he was only ten years old, and became the first child to accept Islam. Over the next few years, he would grow through adolescence amidst the pure teachings of Islam, until he grew into a fine young man. He married the blessed daughter of the Prophet ﷺ – Sayyidah Faatimah Al-Batool Az-Zahra  رضی الله عنها – becoming his ﷺ son in law and giving him two beloved grandsons that would be the coolness of his ﷺ blessed eyes, and the leaders of the youth of Jannah: Sayydinaa Hassan رضی الله عنه and Sayyidinaa Hussain رضی الله عنه.

Allah  سبحانه و تعالی would raise him رضی الله عنه to become a brave hero of this Ummah, with a heart filled with absolute love for Allah  سبحانه و تعالی and His Beloved Prophet ﷺ. In the most climactic moments of the Prophet’s ﷺ mission, he would rise as the Lion of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی. His bravery and valour would lead him to become the bearer of the Dhulfiqaar – the greatest sword of the Prophet ﷺ.

A defining display of Sayyidinaa Ali’s رضی الله عنه bravery and complete trust in Allah  سبحانه و تعالی was shown at the time of the Prophet’s ﷺ migration to Madinah Al-Munawwarah, when he رضی الله عنه readily slept in the bed of the Prophet ﷺ to dupe the enemies who had surrounded the house, ready to attack any second. Despite the heavily armed soldiers and swords unsheathed around him, he slept with absolute peace and tranquillity, because the blades present in front of his very eyes meant nothing in comparison to his absolute trust in the words of the Prophet ﷺ who assured his safe exit.

The Prophet ﷺ is reported to have said to Sayyidinaa ‘Ali رضی الله عنه:

أَنْتَ مِنِّي بِمَنْزِلَةِ هَارُوْنَ مِنْ مُوسَى إِلَّا أَنَّهُ لَا نَبِيَّ بَعْدِي

“You are to me in the position that Haroon was to Musa, except there is no Prophet after me.” (Tirmidhi).

Sayyidinaa Zayd ibn Haarithah رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Zayd رضی الله عنه was drawn to the home and heart of the Prophet ﷺ as a child from outside of Makkah. Allah  سبحانه و تعالی placed him upon such an adventurous journey, just so he could be present on this first-day of the Prophet’s ﷺ mission, and become the first freed-slave to accept Islam. He was nurtured by the fine mannerisms of the Prophet ﷺ, and followed in his blessed footsteps. Though society marked him with the status of a slave, the Prophet ﷺ loved him till he رضی الله عنه was marked with the status of being the beloved of Allah’s beloved ﷺ. Sayyidinaa Zayd رضی الله عنه would become a brave defender of Islam and a skilled archer of the Prophet ﷺ, who fought alongside him ﷺ in almost every battle. Never was an expedition dispatched including Sayyidinaa Zayd رضی الله عنه, except that he was made the commander.

On the day of Taa’if – which the Prophet ﷺ described as the most painful – Sayyidinaa Zayd رضی الله عنه was accepted to be the one by his side, as he protected and guarded the Prophet ﷺ against those who attacked and hurled stones at his ﷺ blessed body. He would continue to defend Islam, until he passed away as a Shaheed in the grounds of Mu’tah in the year 8 AH. He would be honoured with the unique merit of being the only companion of the Prophet ﷺ to be mentioned by name in the Glorious Qur’aan (Surah Al-Ahzaab 33:37). A man who was belittled by the ignorant as a ‘slave’ of lowly status, was elevated by the one whose ‘slave’ he truly was: Allah  سبحانه و تعالی!

Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه – The Greatest Companion

After the immediate household of the Prophet ﷺ embraced Islam, the first person to be informed was Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه. He رضی الله عنه was blessed with the most virtuous traits that constituted the sublimity of his character: he was extremely wise, intelligent, generous, and soft-hearted. He رضی الله عنه was the Prophet’s ﷺ closest and most devoted friend, his childhood acquaintance and his intimate confidant. Allah  سبحانه و تعالی had drawn their hearts together in a bond of brotherhood that would be unparalleled. Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr’s رضی الله عنه heart was immediately filled with unwavering faith, as he became the first free man to accept Islam.

Without even giving it a second thought, Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه enthusiastically proclaimed the oneness of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی, and believed in the Prophet ﷺ:

مَا دَعَوْتُ أَحَدًا إِلَى الإِسْلامِ إِلَّا كَانَتْ فِيهِ عِنْدَهُ كَبْوَةٌ وَنَظَرٌ وَتَرَدُّدٌ إِلَّا مَا كَانَ مِنْ أَبِي بَكْرِ بْنِ أَبِي قُحَافَةَ مَا عَكَمَ عَنْهُ حِينَ ذَكَرْتُهُ لَهُ وَمَا تَرَدَّدَ فِيهِ

“Whoever I presented Islam to, there was always some degree of hesitation, except in the case of Abu Bakr. Without hesitation, he promptly embraced Islam.” (Uyoon Al-Athar)

The light of Imaan (Faith) was so strong in his heart, that he began drawing others to Islam, and was the first person to call people to Allah  سبحانه و تعالی, after the Prophet ﷺ. From this day onwards, he would be the greatest companion of the Prophet ﷺ till his last breath. His entire family accepted Islam, and some of his children became the first to be born in the pure era of Islam. He sacrificed all of his time, energy, devotion, health and wealth to support the Prophet ﷺ. He shed tears and bled for Allah  سبحانه و تعالی. He was honoured to have his daughter Sayyidah Aa’ishah  رضی الله عنها become the wife of the Prophet ﷺ, and praised by Allah  سبحانه و تعالی in the Qur’aan for her purity.

Even in the most critical and discreet moments, he would be second to one – next to the Prophet’s ﷺ. He would be praised in the Qur’aan as the Thaani Ithnayn (Second of the Two) for risking his life with the Prophet ﷺ in the depth of a cave when no one else could. His lmaan in Allah  سبحانه و تعالی and the Prophet ﷺ would soar until it would reach unparalleled heights above the entire Ummah. He would attain the rank of Siddiqiyyah (The Highest State of Imaan), and would forever remain by the side of the Prophet ﷺ in life and in death. رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Uthmaan ibn Affaan رضی الله عنه

Prior to this moment, Sayyidinaa Uthmaan رضی الله عنه was the most beloved youths of Makkah. He was extremely handsome, with an excellent virtue of character. He was blessed with great wealth, and was nicknamed Ghani (Rich). There was barely anyone in his age range that was more handsome, virtuous or rich. During these first few days of the Prophet’s ﷺ mission, Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه met with him, and he began to tell Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه about an intuition in his heart, which drew him to Muhammad ﷺ. As soon as Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه heard, he started telling Sayyidinaa Uthmaan رضی الله عنه about Islam. Allah  سبحانه و تعالی decreed at that very moment, for the Prophet ﷺ to pass by them with Sayyidinaa Ali رضی الله عنه. They immediately rushed to speak with him, and Sayyidinaa Uthmaan’s رضی الله عنه heart suddenly overflowed, bursting with faith that could not be contained, as he said:

“By Allah! The moment I heard this; I was unable to restrain myself. Without any delay, I embraced Islam declaring: ‘I bear witness that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, He is alone and has no partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and messenger. (Al-Isabah)

He was blessed with virtues of greatness in both worlds, yet he was immensely humble, shy and modest, such that the Prophet ﷺ would feel more shyness in his presence than any other companion.

He would continue to support the Prophet ﷺ, and become a coolness to his blessed eyes and heart. Allah  سبحانه و تعالی chose him to comfort and relieve His Beloved Prophet ﷺ, in a manner that would bestow him distinction over all of creation.

During this period, the daughters of the Prophet ﷺ – Sayyidah Ruqayyah  رضی الله عنها and Sayyidah Umm Kulthoom  رضی الله عنها – were married to his ﷺ uncle Abu Lahab’s sons Utbah and Utaibah. When the news of the Prophet’s ﷺ message spread, Abu Lahab opposed the Prophet ﷺ so severely that he decided to hurt his own nephew by ordering his sons Utbah and Utaibah to divorce the pure daughters of the Prophet ﷺ. Sayyidah Ruqayyah  رضی الله عنها and Sayyidah Umm Kulthoom  رضی الله عنها were still in the position of being classed as brides, and were divorced before the marriage could be completed. Abu Lahab lived lavishly and his sons were known as two of the wealthiest, most handsome youths Makkah, thus he wished to make this divorce a statement of disgrace, that his sons rejected the daughters of Muhammad ﷺ. Only a father would know the pain of seeing their innocent daughter hurt and made to feel rejected in such a manner.

However, Allah  سبحانه و تعالی sent Sayyidinaa Uthmaan رضی الله عنه to come and propose marriage to the daughter of the Prophet ﷺ, in a powerful declaration of honour. The pure daughter of the Prophet ﷺ would be married to an even wealthier and more handsome youth than the sons of Abu Lahab. Sayyidinaa Uthmaan رضی الله عنه comforted the heart of the Prophet by marrying his daughter Sayyidah Ruqayyah  رضی الله عنها, and loving her in a manner that became an example to follow. He migrated with the daughter of the Prophet ﷺ, leaving everything for the sake of Islam. He stayed behind when everyone left for expeditions, just to look after Sayyidah Ruqayyah  رضی الله عنها. When Sayyidah Ruqayyah  رضی الله عنها passed away, he married the second daughter of the Prophet ﷺ and once again relieved his ﷺ blessed heart. Through this Allah  سبحانه و تعالی bestowed Sayyidinaa Uthmaan  رضی الله عنها would the rank of Dhu Al-Nurayn (The Bearer of Two Lights), being the only man in creation to marry two daughters of a Prophet, and that too – the greatest Prophet of all ﷺ.

Years later, when Sayyidinaa Ali رضی الله عنه was engaged to the youngest daughter of the Prophet ﷺ – Sayyidah Faatimah  رضی الله عنها – Sayyidinaa Uthmaan رضی الله عنه once again supported the Prophet ﷺ  by secretly financing the marriage and the Mahr (Dowry).

Shortly after Sayyidinaa Uthmaan رضی الله عنه, Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه brought the following enlightened souls who all accepted Islam together in one sitting:

Sayyidinaa Uthman ibn Maz’oon رضی الله عنه: He was an extremely pure soul that was averse to the alcoholic and immoral practices of Jaahiliyyah (Ignorance). Likewise, his two brothers Sayyidinaa Qudamah ibn Maz’oon رضی الله عنه and Sayyidina Abdullah ibn Maz’oon رضی الله عنه also accepted Islam

Sayyidinaa Abu Ubaidah ibn Al-Jarrah رضی الله عنه: He became a great leader and commander of Islam, and would be honoured as the Ameen (Treasurer) of this Ummah.

Sayyidinaa Abu Salamah رضی الله عنه: He was the milk-brother of the Prophet ﷺ . He was extremely pious and kind-hearted. Years later, when he passed away in Madinah Al-Munawwarah, his children were raised in the household of the Prophet ﷺ, as his own.

Sayyidinaa Arqam ibn Abi Arqam رضی الله عنه: after excepting Islam, he dedicated a house of his – known as Daar Al-Arqam – as the first and primary base for the Prophet ﷺ to privately gather with the Sahaabah. A place to recite the Qur’aan and teach the message of Islam. Many people came and accepted Islam in this blessed house, which now became the first Madrasah of the Prophet ﷺ.

Sayydinaa Saa’d ibn Abi Waqqas رضی الله عنه

Sayydinaa Saa’d رضی الله عنه says: “Three nights before embracing Islam I saw a dream; I was in an appallingly intense darkness. It was so dark that I could not see anything. Suddenly, a moon appeared and I started following behind it. To my amazement, I observed that Zayd bin Haarithah, Ali and Abu Bakr have already preceded me to its light.” The moment he awoke, Allah SWT placed it in his heart to go to the Prophet ﷺ and enquire. Upon meeting with the Prophet ﷺ, he accepted Islam.

Sayyidinaa Khaalid ibn Sa’eed رضی الله عنه and his wife Sayyidah Umaynah  رضی الله عنها

He was as earliest as the fourth or fifth person to embrace Islam. Allah  سبحانه و تعالی led him to the Prophet ﷺ  via a premonition of the day of Judgement shown in a dream. Whilst asleep he dreamt that he was standing at the edge of a gigantic pit of endless flames. To his shock, his own father appeared behind him and suddenly rushed to push him in to this blazing inferno. As the shocking push came to catapult him into this terrifying abyss, the Prophet ﷺ suddenly appeared before them and quickly caught Sayyidinaa Khaalid رضی الله عنه by the waist, saving him from the fire.

Sayyidinaa Khaalid رضی الله عنه awoke with his heart filled with an intuition, and instantly said: ‘By Allah! This dream is true.’ He rushed to Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه and spoke to him about his dream, then went to the Prophet ﷺ  and accepted Islam, and likewise his blessed wife Sayyidah Umaynah  رضی الله عنها.

When his father came to know, he tortured and beat his own son so severely, that the stick being used broke whilst inciting a deep cut into his head. Yet, his heart remained firm upon the oneness of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی.

The Family of Sayyidinaa Ammar ibn Yaasir رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Yaasir رضی الله عنه and Sayyidah Sumayyah  رضی الله عنها were enslaved in Makkah and married to each other during their slavery. They were then ‘freed’ on face-value, but this favour of ‘freedom’ was imposed upon them until they became enslaved by this ‘debt’ and continued being treated as slaves by their masters. The likes of corrupt leaders such as Abu Jahl ibn Hisham would ensure they would always be reminded of their ‘lowly’ status in society, so they could never feel normal like the rest of them. Their son Sayyidinaa ‘Ammar رضی الله عنه was only a teenager when the Prophet ﷺ received Nuboowwah, and within days Allah  سبحانه و تعالی drew all three of them to Daar Al-Arqam where they accepted Islam. They were amongst the first to accept the faith, and amongst the first to endure severe oppression for doing so. Sayyidah Sumayyah  رضی الله عنها would become the first martyr of Islam, followed by Sayyidinaa Yaasir رضی الله عنه, whilst their teenage son would show extreme patience and stay by the side of the Prophet ﷺ for the rest of his life, honouring the legacy of his parents.

Sayyidinaa Bilaal ibn Rabah رضی الله عنه – Honoured by Love

Sayyidinaa Bilaal رضی الله عنه was from the African land of Abyssinia, and was brought to Makkah as a slave. As well as being oppressively mistreated and overworked as a slave, he was also racially discriminated by those who could not see the beauty of his skin colour. His pure heart was amongst the first to be guided to Islam and was filled absolutely unwavering love for Allah  سبحانه و تعالی and his Messenger ﷺ. He would be tortured to unthinkable depths at the hands of his masters, and when he was finally purchased and freed from such slavery by Sayyidina Abu Bakr رضی الله عنه, his heart yearned to be honoured as the ‘Abd (Slave) of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی and the Khaadim (Servant) of the Prophet ﷺ whom he dearly loved. The Prophet ﷺ loved him and raised his rank until he was appointed as the first and greatest Mu’addhin (Announcer of the Adhaan (The Call to Prayer)). His corrupt ‘masters’ such as Umayyah ibn Khalaf had degraded him to a ‘slave’, but the Prophet ﷺ honoured him until all the Sahaabah dearly loved him and revered him as ‘Sayyidinaa’ (Our Master) Bilaal رضی الله عنه.

In addition to them, the following blessed souls were led to the Prophet ﷺ and guided to Islam one by one during these early days:

Sayyidinaa Jaafar ibn Abi Taalib رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Zubair ibn Al-Awwam رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Abdullah ibn Mas’ood رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Abdur Rahman ibn Awf رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Afif Kindi رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Talha رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Suhaib ibn Sinaan رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Amr ibn ‘Abasah رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Abu Dharr Al-Ghifaari رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Khabbaab ibn Al-Arrat رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Umayr ibn Abi Waqqas رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Aamir ibn Fuhayra رضی الله عنه

Sayyidinaa Sa’eed ibn Zayd رضی الله عنه

Sayyidah Faatimah bint Al-Khattab  رضی الله عنها

Sayyidah ‘Asma bint Abi Bakr  رضی الله عنها

As these blessed souls continued to grow, and become the first to stand beside the Prophet ﷺ, the light of Tawheed (Oneness of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی) began to flourish. By day, the devils of flesh continued to darken Makkah, upholding the practices of Jaahiliyyah, and meeting in Daar Al-Nadwah (The Parliamentary Lair of the Leaders) to pursue their greed of worldly status and riches. By night, Makkah would become illuminated, as the Radiant Moon ﷺ would rise whilst his shining stars would risk their lives to gather around him ﷺ, and uphold the pure teachings of Islam, as they gathered in the blessed Daar Al-Arqam to pursue the life of the Aakhirah (Hereafter).  

Consequently, it is these people who would be the first to achieve the greatest triumph, for whom Allah  سبحانه و تعالی has prepared as eternal abode of bliss. They are those with whom Allah would be pleased, and whom would be please with Allah the Almighty.

May Allah  سبحانه و تعالی bless them even further and guide us to emulate their ways! Ameen Ya Rabb Al ‘Aalameen!

Join us tomorrow as we continue with our next article: “Daar Al-Arqam & The Secret Call”

#20: The Dawn of Prophethood

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم
الحمد لله رب العالمين الذي منّ علی المؤمنين اذ بعث فيهم رسولا من انفسهم يتلوا عليهم ايته و يزكيهم و يعلمهم الكتاب و الحكمة و ان كانوا من قبلُ لفي ضلال مّبين

The Prophet ﷺ had received the initiation of his Nuboowwah (Prophethood) on that beautiful Monday of Ramadhan, in the Night of Power. Now the Prophet ﷺ would arise – not just as the greatest man alive – but as the greatest and final Nabi (Prophet) of Allah. The light of Nuboowwah (Prophethood) was growing and flourishing in his blessed heart which contained the words of His Lord سبحانه وتعالی. He ﷺ was the first of all the Prophets in creation, the final of them to manifest and the foremost of them all in greatness. He ﷺ was the one who will now purify the world of Shirk (Paganism), and Jaahiliyyah (Ignorance), and connect them back to the light of the heavens of the earth: Allah  سبحانه و تعالی.

 قَدْ جَآءَكُم مِّنَ ٱللَّهِ نُورٌۭ وَكِتَـٰبٌۭ مُّبِينٌۭ

“Indeed, there has come to you from Allah a light (Prophet Muhammad ﷺ) and a clear Book (this Qur’aan).” (Surah Al-Maa’idah 5:15)

The First to Witness the Light of Islam

The Prophet’s ﷺ heart was now fortified by a force beyond human measure and illuminated with a light that could not be extinguished. The absolute Yaqeen (Conviction) of Tauheed, the power of his love for the All-Powerful and the magnificence of the Qur’aanic verses in his heart had an immense magnitude that could not be contained. This magnitude began drawing those who were blessed with hearts of purity, until the magnetism of this light brought them face to face with the Prophet ﷺ. Their hearts then became illuminated by his sight, and were filled with absolute Imaan (Faith) and Mahabbah (Love) for Allah  سبحانه و تعالی and His Beloved Prophet ﷺ.

The likes of Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها had instantly felt this irresistible magnetism from the first moment she was exposed to the spiritual magnitude and awe of the Prophet ﷺ upon his return from the Cave, as was Waraqah ibn Nawfal رضی الله عنه. This light continued to radiate from the heart of the Prophet ﷺ, until his entire house was illuminated by it, and the Prophet ﷺ began conveying the message of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی to his family. Within the first day of his Nuboowwah, the likes of Sayyidinaa Ali ibn Abi Taalib رضی الله عنه and Sayyidinaa Zayd ibn Haarithah رضی الله عنه – both of whom lived under the care of the Prophet ﷺ – accepted the message of Islam and their hearts were filled with the light of Imaan. (Uyun Al-Athar, Ibn Ishaq, Ibn Hisham)

As this magnitude increased and grew stronger, Allah  سبحانه و تعالی instilled an intense determination within the heart of the Prophet ﷺ to rise and spread this beautiful light of Islam. The force of this light within his ﷺ blessed heart now transcended beyond the walls of his home, growing stronger and stronger, an unstoppable force that would continue spreading till the end of time, until it flourished throughout the world.

After his blessed family, the Prophet ﷺ first set out to see his closest and dearest friend; Sayyidinaa Abu Bakr As-Siddique رضی الله عنه. The Prophet ﷺ informed him in regards to the message of Islam, and Allah  سبحانه و تعالی instantly filled his heart with absolute certainty for the truth of Islam. His heart was filled with Imaan (Faith) in an unmatched manner, and Allah  سبحانه و تعالی would likewise honour him with an unmatched status.

The Sahaabah: The Illuminated Stars

When the moon rises amidst the dark night – standing out in sheer brilliance – it begins by illuminating the stars that immediately surround it, and they begin twinkling through the reflection of its radiance. Likewise, the Prophet ﷺ was more radiant than the moon, in a world that was darker than the night sky. As this radiant moon rose over Makkah, the magnitude of his light began illuminated those stars that Allah  سبحانه و تعالی had chosen and placed to surround his ﷺ blessed vicinity. As the light of Nuboowwah began spreading throughout Makkah, these special souls started to witness dreams that Allah  سبحانه و تعالی showed them in the depths of their sleep. Dreams of a blessed moon that captivated them due its purity and brilliance, which they started following wherever it guided them. Each of them would be led to the Prophet ﷺ and guided to Islam, through our own uniquely inspiring journeys. (Ibn Hisham, Ibn Ishaq)

From amongst the first of these blessed souls were Sayyidinaa Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan, Zubair ibn Al-‘Awwaam, Abdur-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf, Talhah ibn ‘Ubaidullah, Saa’d ibn Abi Waqqaas, Abu ‘Ubaidah ibn Al-Jarraah, Al-Arqam ibn Abi Al-Arqam, ‘Uthmaan ibn Maz’oon, Sa’eed ibn Zaid, his wife Faatimah bint Al-Khattaab (the sister of Sayyidinaa ‘Umar ibn Al-Khattaab), Asma bint Abu Bakr and many more virtuous souls who accepted Islam within the first few days, رضی الله عنهم اجمعین

They would continue to grow in number, becoming the first of the blessed Sahaabah (Companions) of the Prophet ﷺ. In addition to the beauty and perfection of the Prophet ﷺ, they were drawn by the magnitude of the Qur’aan in his blessed heart, and the spiritual radiances that emanated in his blessed presence. They attentively listened to his every word as it penetrated into the depths of their heart and soul, and they found the answer that every soul is yearning for, that every heart is beating is for: Allah  سبحانه و تعالی!

Phase One: The Secret Call

From this day onwards, the first phase of the Prophet’s ﷺ mission had begun. This first phase was known as “Da’wah As-Sirr” (The Secret Call). Our Master Muhammad ﷺ would embark upon this first phase at the foundational level of Nuboowwah (Prophethood). As a Nabi, he ﷺ would spend the next three years calling to Allah  سبحانه و تعالی in secret, inviting those special souls that Allah  سبحانه و تعالی had chosen to be the foremost pioneers. This first phase would continue until the third year of Prophethood, after which the Prophet ﷺ would be blessed with the rank of Risaalah (Messengership), and the second phase of his mission would begin: “Da’wah Al-Jahr” (The Open Call).

Zaman Al-Fatrah: The Period of Cessation

During these first three years, the Prophet ﷺ did not receive any further revelation. The Prophet ﷺ was experiencing the Zaman Al-Fatrah (The Period of Cessation), explained as a grace period for the Prophet ﷺ bear the weight of Nuboowwah (Prophethood) and Wahi (Divine Revelation).

With each passing moment, the Prophet ﷺ yearned to be in contact with his Lord again, to feel the radiances of the spiritual realm, and enrich his heart with the revelation of the Qur’aan. The pain of this yearning would become unbearable as the days increased, until the Prophet ﷺ would stand atop a mountain and Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام would appear over the horizon and powerfully declare:

یَا مُحَمَّد ؛ اِنَّكَ رَسُوْلُ اللّٰهِ حَقًّا

“O Muhammad! ﷺ You are indeed the true Messenger of AIlah.” (Fath Al-Baari)

This would fortify the blessed heart of the Prophet ﷺ and would grant ease in to his yearning. This cycle continued for the remainder of the next three years of cessation until the Prophet ﷺ was commanded with the open call towards Islam and the following verses were revealed:

فَٱصْدَعْ بِمَا تُؤْمَرُ وَأَعْرِضْ عَنِ ٱلْمُشْرِكِينَ

“Now, proclaim what you are commanded to, and turn away from those who ascribe partners to Allah.” (Surah Al-Hijr 15:94)

وَأَنذِرْ عَشِيرَتَكَ الْأَقْرَبِينَ ﴿٢١٤﴾ وَاخْفِضْ جَنَاحَكَ لِمَنِ اتَّبَعَكَ مِنَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ﴿٢١٥﴾

“And warn, [O Muḥammad ﷺ], your closest kindred. And lower your wing [i.e., show kindness] to those who follow you of the believers.”(Surah Al-Shu’araa 26:214-215)

After that, revelation would continue to flow and increase in frequency. In time Allah سبحانه وتعالی would reveal powerful verses such as Surah Ad-Duhaa. In these verses, Allah سبحانه وتعالی assured His beloved Prophet ﷺ, that just as He سبحانه وتعالی never ever abandoned him ﷺ throughout his childhood and orphanage, likewise He سبحانه وتعالی will never abandon him ﷺ in his Prophethood, and will always be with him ﷺ:

بِسْمِ اللَّـهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
وَالضُّحَىٰ ﴿١﴾ وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ ﴿٢﴾ مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَىٰ ﴿٣﴾ وَلَلْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لَّكَ مِنَ الْأُولَىٰ ﴿٤﴾ وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَىٰ ﴿٥﴾ أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا فَآوَىٰ ﴿٦﴾ وَوَجَدَكَ ضَالًّا فَهَدَىٰ ﴿٧﴾ وَوَجَدَكَ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَىٰ ﴿٨﴾ فَأَمَّا الْيَتِيمَ فَلَا تَقْهَرْ ﴿٩﴾ وَأَمَّا السَّائِلَ فَلَا تَنْهَرْ ﴿١٠﴾ وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ ﴿١١﴾

“By the morning brightness. And [by] the night when it covers with darkness, Your Lord has not taken leave of you, [O Muḥammad], nor has He detested [you]. And the Hereafter is better for you than the first [life]. And your Lord is going to give you, and you will be satisfied. Did He not find you an orphan and give [you] refuge? And He found you unaware of the way (the Shari’ah), then He guided you. And He found you in need, then made you need-free. So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him]. And as for the beggar, do not scold him. And proclaim the Grace of your Lord.” (Surah Ad-Duha 93)

Salaah: The First Act of Worship

During these first three years of secret call, Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام came to the Prophet ﷺ and illustrated the first act of ‘Ibaadah (Worship) for Allah سبحانه وتعالی. This was a milestone moment for the Prophet ﷺ to witness and learn how to worship the one true God, in the true manner. Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام struck his heel upon the ground, from which a spring of water was made to gush forth. He then illustrated the performance of Wudhu (Ablution), the method of purification required for the slave to address Allah سبحانه وتعالی, who is Al-Qudoos (The Pure One). Thereafter Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام demonstrated the method of performing Salaah (Prayer) to Allah سبحانه وتعالی, including the Ruku (Bowing) and Sujood (Prostration) to Allah سبحانه وتعالی who is the Rabbul ‘Aalameen (Lord of the Worlds) and Al-Aa’laa (The Highest).
(Ibn Ishaaq)

The Prophet ﷺ then returned home to Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, and just as she was chosen to be the first to hear and believe, she also became the first to learn and practice. The Prophet ﷺ taught her the method of Wudhu and Salaah, as they would now pray together and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها would bear the honour of being the first member of this Ummah to prostrate to the Lord of the Worlds.

Thereafter the Prophet ﷺ taught the method of Wudhu and Salaah to the rest of the Sahaabah, as the blessed soil of Makkah was once again honoured by feel of feet standing in the worship of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی, and the touch of faces in Sijdah (Prostration).

The Shooting Stars & The Shielding of the Heavens.

The area above the first heaven is a pivotal station, whereby the forthcoming commands of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی descend and are dictated to the responsible angels, who then carry out their duties and travel through the busy portal of the first heaven. For millions of years, the Shayateen (Devils) would ascend towards the border of the first heaven, and attempt to eavesdrop into this station of descending commands, taking whatever sounds they could decipher as foretold news to the devils of man, such as the soothsayers and fortune-tellers. However, things were about to change for these dark creatures.

As they began to approach to the edge of the heavens – per their usual practice – they suddenly felt a strange shift in the atmosphere. To their sudden shock they looked up to see that the border of the heavens was suddenly shielded. Before they could even comprehend the nature of this sound-proofing barrier, the edge of the heavens became a visual spectacle, as they witnessed huge beams of blinding light in the form of shooting stars that speedily began striking them one by one. As these devils plummeted towards the earth, the remaining spirits turned back in fear and panic as they rushed to Iblees (The Arch-Devil). Frantic and terrified, they began blurting out the shocking changes they had just witnessed and beseeched him to help them. Iblees immediately sent his minions to scour the earth and bring a soil sample from every piece of land. Iblees’ response was strange and suspicious to the Jinn and Shayaateen, almost as though he feared something they were unaware of.

As soon as they returned, he began examining each sample, until he reached a particular town and looked as though his fear had come true. He told them the answer to the heavens being shielded in such a manner would be found in the land of Makkah. The agents of darkness immediately rushed to Makkah to identify what had happened. They travelled through the streets and mountain passes in search of an answer when suddenly, they witnessed a scene that set them back. They watched as the Prophet ﷺ stood above a mountain, and the foremost pioneers of this Ummah stood closely behind him performing Salaah. They listened in awe as they heard the Prophet ﷺ recite the Qur’aan and glorify Allah  سبحانه و تعالی, an experience that even their hearts could not resist being affected by. The blessed feet of Allah’s greatest Prophet ﷺ, and the feet of his firm followers had transformed the entire soil of Makkah, and the spatial border of the first heaven had been now been shielded, for the Qur’aan was to descend through it. (Ibn Ishaaq, Uyun Al-Athar)

Daar Al-Arqam

As the days went by, the number of Sahaabah entering into Islam through the private efforts of the Prophet ﷺ were increasing. With many of them being enslaved or socially weak and oppressed. Due to the nature of the secret call, they yearned for a space where they could meet and learn about Allah  سبحانه و تعالی without being spotted.

From amongst these blessed pioneers, Sayyidinaa Al-Arqam ibn Abi Al-Arqam رضی الله عنه dedicated a residence of his known as Daar Al-Arqam for the the lovers of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی and His Prophet ﷺ to gather and study.

These blessed Sahaabah would work through the day and risk their lives to secretly convene after dark. They would be the first students to enrol into the Madrasah of the Prophet ﷺ, learning and growing within the humble precincts of Daar Al-Arqam. Together, they would form a league of the most extraordinary individuals in all of humanity, under the leadership and guidance of the most extraordinary individual in all of creation. They would be honoured by their Lord in the Qur’aan as As-Saabiqoon Al-Awwaloon (The Foremost Pioneers).

These first three years had proved pivotal in setting the foundation for the blessed mission of the Prophet ﷺ, the first of those to accepted Islam, the humble base of Daar Al-Arqam and the journey to the open call on Mount Safa would have lasting effects throughout the next twenty years of the Prophet’s ﷺ Nuboowwah.

Join us tomorrow as we continue in the blessed Seerah with our next article: “As-Saabiqoon Al-Awwaloon: The Foremost Pioneers”

#19: Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها: The First Believer

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم
الحمد لله رب العالمين الذي منّ علی المؤمنين اذ بعث فيهم رسولا من انفسهم يتلوا عليهم ايته و يزكيهم و يعلمهم الكتاب و الحكمة و ان كانوا من قبلُ لفي ضلال مّبين

After the Prophet’s ﷺ first encounter with Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام, he ﷺ rushed towards Makkah. His blessed heart was racing and filled with pure awe and majesty due to the Qur’aan that was now preserved within it. Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها was waiting in their home when suddenly, she saw the Prophet ﷺ rush inside in a frightened and shocked state. The Prophet ﷺ called out to her:

زَمِّلُونِي زَمِّلُونِی

“Cover me! Cover me!”

Sayyidah Khadijah RA rushed to cover the Prophet ﷺ in a blanket and console him ﷺ until he felt calmer. The Prophet ﷺ then addressed her and told her the shocking events of the cave as he ﷺ said:

لَقَدْ خَشِيتُ عَلَى نَفْسِی

“I fear that something may happen to me.”

Though the events were clear and undeniable, the Prophet ﷺ was extremely worried. In addition to the unbearable power of the Qur’aan in his heart, the effect of the Tajalliyy (Manifestation of Divine Glory) was coursing through his body. Exposure to the realities of the spiritual realm and – even more so – being in contact with Allah سبحانه و تعالی in any form is extremely powerful and can feel absolutely unbearable for a normal human being. In fact, on the day of judgement, even the mighty prophets such as Sayyidinaa Aadam – Nooh – Ibraahim – Musa – ‘Isa علیهم السلام will all not be able to address Allah سبحانه و تعالی, due to the infinite might, power and majesty of the Lord of the Worlds. Yet this was no ordinary human being, nor just a Prophet, he ﷺ was the greatest of creation and the leaders of all the Prophets ﷺ. His heart and body were being initiated to bear heights of Divine Majesty that no other creation was destined to.

Nevertheless, this was the first time he ﷺ experienced such a phenomenon, which out of this world. The Prophet ﷺ knew the enormous weight of Prophethood, to bear the responsibility of conveying the words of Allah ﷺ to mankind, and to fulfil your Fardh (Obligation) to your creator when it seems impossible that people will listen. In addition, the Prophet’s ﷺ immense humility would naturally mean that he ﷺ would not jump to conclusions and see himself as worthy of such greatness, though – in reality – there was no one more worthy in all of creation. Owing to these factors, the Prophet ﷺ was frightened and extremely worried about what just happened.

Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, understood this and Allah سبحانه و تعالی placed it in her heart to say exactly what His beloved Prophet ﷺ needed to hear:

كَلاَّ وَاللَّهِ مَا يُخْزِيكَ اللَّهُ أَبَدًا۔ إِنَّكَ لَتَصِلُ الرَّحِمَ، وَتَحْمِلُ الْكَلَّ، وَتَكْسِبُ الْمَعْدُومَ، وَتَقْرِي الضَّيْفَ، وَتُعِينُ عَلَى نَوَائِبِ الْحَقِّ

“Never! By Allah! Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your relatives, you help the poor and the destitute, you honour your guests generously and assist those rightfully in need amidst calamity.”

With these words, Allah سبحانه و تعالی granted Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها immense resolute and guided to her to rise and take the Prophet ﷺ to the one whom Allah سبحانه و تعالی had placed in their vicinity for the purpose of this night.

Tٓo The House of the Waraqah

The vicinity of Makkah – though founded by Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام – was drowned by paganism, with no trace of divine scripture or any Abrahamic faiths. In addition to this, they only spoke Arabic, whilst the remains of all Prophetic scripture were in non-Arab languages such as Aramaic or Syriac. Furthermore, a lot of people did not even have a high level of literacy in their own language of Arabic, let alone reading ancient scripture. Yet, Allah سبحانه و تعالی had placed one man in this vicinity, whose life was prolonged for the sake of this day. A man who Allah سبحانه و تعالی guided to learn the language of Abrahamic scripture, and allowed him access to study them. Scriptures which were filled with the prophecies of the Final Messenger, and the Final Revelation of Allah سبحانه و تعالی, as every prophet had foretold their nation. Scriptures which contained verses such as:

לאחר הגלות לבבל: יכניה היה אביו של שאלתיאל; שאלתיאל היה אביו של זרובבל;

أَوْ يُدْفَعُ ٱلْكِتَابُ لِمَنْ لَا يَعْرِفُ ٱلْكِتَابَةَ وَيُقَالُ لَهُ: ٱقْرَأْ هَذَا. فَيَقُولُ: لَا أَعْرِفُ ٱلْكِتَابَةَ

“Then the book shall be delivered to him who is unlettered, saying, “Read this.” And he shall say, “I cannot read.” (The Bible, The Book of the Prophet Isaiah, 29:12)

Such verses which had been preserved from thousands of years before the life of the Prophet ﷺ, and continue to be till this day. This man would be studying such scriptures, in the extremity of old age. Unbeknown to him, Allah سبحانه و تعالی had chosen him and made him live long enough to witness to this night of power. This man, was none other than Waraqah ibn Nawfal, the cousin of Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها.

Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها arrived at the house of Waraqah at this hour of night. She entered with the Prophet ﷺ and explained to Waraqah in regards to what happened. Waraqah then asked the Prophet ﷺ for his account of what had transpired in the cave and what he ﷺ saw. Waraqah had become frail and lost his eyesight in his extreme old age, yet as soon as he heard this, he became elated and exclaimed:

هَذَا النَّامُوسُ الَّذِي نَزَّلَ اللَّهُ عَلَى مُوسَى صلى الله عليه وسلم يَا لَيْتَنِي فِيهَا جَذَعًا، لَيْتَنِي أَكُونُ حَيًّا إِذْ يُخْرِجُكَ قَوْمُكَ

“This is the same Namus (a name given to Jibra’eel علیه السلام in the Jewish canon), whom Allah had sent to Moses! I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out!”

Hearing this was intriguing and alarming. In addition to the eventful nature of this night, the Prophet ﷺ had just been told that he would face such difficulty and challenges in his mission that his own people would exile him from the homeland of his father, away from Kaa’bah. The Prophet ﷺ naturally asked:

أَوَمُخْرِجِيَّ هُمْ  

“Will they drive me out?”

Waraqah replied:

قَالَ نَعَمْ، لَمْ يَأْتِ رَجُلٌ قَطُّ بِمِثْلِ مَا جِئْتَ بِهِ إِلاَّ عُودِيَ، وَإِنْ يُدْرِكْنِي يَوْمُكَ أَنْصُرْكَ نَصْرًا مُؤَزَّرًا

“Yes, never has a man come with the likes of what you have brought, except he was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day when you will be turned out then I would support you strongly.”

Waraqah then kissed the blessed forehead of the Prophet ﷺ as their meeting came to a close. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Ibn Hisham, Ibn Ishaaq)

After this night, Waraqah passed away within a very short period of time, and the Prophet ﷺ is reported to have said regarding him:

رأيت ورقة على نهر من أنهار الجنة

“I saw Waraqah, by a river from the rivers of Jannah” (Zurqani, Bayhaqi)

In addition to meeting with Waraqah, Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها strove to become such a pillar of support to the Prophet ﷺ, that she continued her search through the night to find further clarity and ease for the heart of the Prophet ﷺ. Through her endeavours she came to know of a man called Addas, a slave who would work in the grapevines outside of Makkah that belonged to one of the elite leaders of Makkah: Utbah ibn Rabi’ah. She wished to seek answers from Addas who was a follower of the Christian faith, in the hope that he may know something additional about the events that had transpired. (Ibn Ishaaq)

The Mission Begins

As the night finally came to a close, the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها could now return to their home, but their lives would never return to the way they were. Our Master Muhammad ﷺ was now the Prophet of Allah سبحانه و تعالی. His blessed heart contained the words of the Qur’aan, and possessed a growing recognition of Allah سبحانه و تعالی, besides whom there is none worthy of worship. His heart was increasing with pure love and yearning for the Lord of the Worlds سبحانه و تعالی, who chose him as his Final Prophet and Messenger.

Mean whilst, Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها was now the wife of the final and greatest Prophet in all of mankind. She was blessed to be the first to hear the glad-tidings of Prophethood, and the first to believe in them, as her heart was filled with Imaan (Faith) since the moment she heard the words of the Prophet ﷺ. She was now the First Believer to proclaim:

لَا اِلٰهَ اِلَّا اللّٰه مُحَمّدٌ رَسُوْلُ اللّٰه

“There is no god but Allah! Muhammad ﷺ is the Messenger of Allah!”

Join us tomorrow as we continue with our next article: “The Dawn of Prophethood”

Glad Tidings of Sha’ban!

Bayt Muhammad Academy would like to give glad tidings to the ummah upon the entrance of the blessed month of Sha’ban. May it bring us safety, peace, protection and elevation in Imaan.

We are now only one month away from reaching Ramadhan . We ask Allah to bless us in Sha’ban and allow us all to reach the month of Ramadhan .

The Merits of Sha’ban:

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ said: “It is a month that people neglect, between Rajab and Ramadhan . It is a month in which actions are raised to the Lord of the Worlds and I love for my actions to be raised while I am fasting.”

Sayyidah A’ishah said of the Prophet ﷺ: “I did not see him fasting in any month more than Shaban.” She also said: “The month which he loved to fast the most was Sha`ban.”

In another hadith he said ﷺ, in response once again to a question about his fasting in Sha`ban: “In this month those who are destined to die are recorded for the Angel of Death. I love for my name to be recorded when I am fasting.”

Other than fasting, the scholars recommend bestowing abundant prayers and peace upon the Beloved of Allah ﷺ. It was in this month that Allah revealed:

إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلاَئِكَـتَهُ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِيِّ يٰأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِينَ آمَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسْلِيماً

Allah and His angels bestow their prayers upon the Prophet. O you who believe, bestow prayers and peace upon him in abundance!

Bestowing prayers upon him is one of the greatest means of strengthening our connection to him in this life and also the next, as he informed us ﷺ: “The closest people to me on the Day of Rising will be those who bestow the most prayers upon me.”

#18: The Arrival of Jibra’eel علیه السلام

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم
الحمد لله رب العالمين الذي منّ علی المؤمنين اذ بعث فيهم رسولا من انفسهم يتلوا عليهم ايته و يزكيهم و يعلمهم الكتاب و الحكمة و ان كانوا من قبلُ لفي ضلال مّبين

The Light of Prophecy & The Preserved Tablet

At the very inception of time and the initiation of creation, Allah  سبحانه و تعالی formed a Noor (Light) which transpired into the realm of creation. This light would be the key to the story of creation, a key that would connect the Khalq (Creation) back to Al-Khaaliq (The Creator of All). This light, was the Seal of the Prophecy, and the pinnacle of Allah’s creation ﷺ. (Rooh Al-Ma’aani, Zurqani, Mawaahib Al-Ladunniyyah, Madaarij An-Nubuwwah, Sharh Shifaa Li Mulla Ali Qari)

Amidst this inception, Allah  سبحانه و تعالی created ‘Al-Qalam’ (The Pen of Divine Decree) and the ’Lawh Al-Mahfoodh’ (The Preserved Tablet), and ordered the decree of creation to be scripted in entirety from his infinite knowledge and wisdom. (Tirmidhi)

This tablet would be sanctified in the most preserved quarters above the highest heaven, heavily guarded by a host of celestial bodies created to protect it. Within its inscription were the details of every decree in creation, the names of every soul, every event, every birth, every death, every day and every night. It contained the details of every single one of over 224,000 Ambiya (Prophets) and Rusul (Messengers), their missions and their scriptures. Inscribed within this tablet was the blessed Seerah of the Seal of Prophets ﷺ, and the compendium of the greatest and most powerful speech of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی to transpire in all of creation: The Glorious Qur’aan.

A Noor (Light), an ‘Aalam (Realm) and a Lawh (Tablet), whose reality and marvel is truly known only to the one who possesses the infinite power and might to initiate His creation by them: Allah  سبحانه و تعالی

The Birth of Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام

During this early period of creation, before the inception of Jannah (Paradise), Jahannam (Hell), and before the jinn, Allah سبحانه و تعالی created a beautiful creature, whose very fabric was formed by light. His soul was instilled within him and he was named: “Jibra’eel” علیه السلام. He was the first of his kind and was made the leader of the Malaa’ikah (Angels), the legions of God’s decree throughout the universe. Many angels were created in innumerable measure, until a handspan of the heavens did not remain empty of them, but Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام was the Arch-Angel and the greatest of them all. He علیه السلام would live through the development of the universe, the creation of the Jinn, the rise and fall of Iblees (The Arch-Devil), the manifestation of darkness and evil in our universe, the birth of the Shayaateen (The Devil Race), the formation of the earth, the demotion of jinn kind as its successive rulers, the announcement of their substitution, and the creation of man.

Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام then became acquainted with the legacy of Nuboowwah (Prophethood), and as the arch-angel, was commissioned as the Ameen Al-Wahi (The Treasurer of Divine Revelation). From this moment onwards, he علیه السلام would be sent by Allah  سبحانه و تعالی to initiate the prophethood of each mighty Prophet, and deliver the details of their mission through Wahi (Divine Revelation) and Suhoof (Divine Scripture).  (Zurqani)

His علیه السلام mission was to assist the Prophets علیه السلام in their mission, as they strove to connect the creation back to Allah  سبحانه و تعالی. His heart yearned for the day he could stand by the side of the greatest of all Prophets ﷺ, when he would not just be delivering physical scripture, but witnessing the direct revelation of the divine word of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی as it enters into the heart of his greatest and Final Messenger ﷺ.

The Descent of The Qur’aan

As the billions of millenniums passed, the moment had finally arrived. It was the year when the Glorious Qur’aan would finally be unlocked from the Lawh Al-Mahfoodh (The Preserved Tablet), and descended from the loftiest heaven in an extremely guarded manner that befits its majesty and magnificence. The angels watched as the Qur’aan was transferred to the Bayt Al-‘Izzah (The Station of Honour) at the spatial borders of the first heaven. (Nasa’i, Bayhaqi, Ibn Abi Shaybah)

As this night came to pass, Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام watched this grand descent in elation, as he was about to embark his greatest mission yet: delivering the Qur’aan to the heart of the Prophet ﷺ.

The Night of Power, 610 AD

During the Night of Power, in Ramadhan 610 AD, Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام braced himself, as he bolted through the billions of lightyears – faster than the speed of light – with the rush of love and excitement. As he carried the first words of revelation from the Glorious Qur’aan, he approached the atmosphere of earth and headed for Makkah Al-Mukarramah. It was at this moment, the Du’aa of Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام was about to be fulfilled by the decree of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی:

رَبَّنَا وَٱبْعَثْ فِيهِمْ رَسُولًۭا مِّنْهُمْ يَتْلُوا۟ عَلَيْهِمْ ءَايَـٰتِكَ وَيُعَلِّمُهُمُ ٱلْكِتَـٰبَ وَٱلْحِكْمَةَ وَيُزَكِّيهِمْ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ

Our Lord, raise in their midst a Messenger from among them, who should recite to them Your verses, and teach them the Book and the wisdom, and make them pure. Indeed You and You alone, are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:129)

As Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام flew through the skies at breakneck-speed, the Prophet ﷺ sat in the peaceful, serene silence of the Cave of Hira. This was the area where the Prophet ﷺ could focus deep within his pure heart and soul, and engage in reflection, decoding the truth behind the luminous force within his blessed heart. Then suddenly, this peaceful, dimmed cave became astonishingly illuminated as the Prophet ﷺ looked to see an absolutely startling and overwhelming sight.

SUBHAANALLAH! There he was – Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام – the Leader of the Angels, standing before the Leader of Mankind ﷺ, bringing the final and greatest message of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی, to the final and greatest Messenger of Allah ﷺ.

This was an absolutely spectacular and overwhelming moment of awe for both Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام and Our Master Muhammad ﷺ. Allah  سبحانه و تعالی alone knows how the heart of Jibra’eel علیه السلام rushed as he stood in front of the one most beloved to him in all of creation, witnessing the moment he had been anticipating for over a billion millenniums, yearning to embrace him since the day he kissed his innocent forehead as a child outside the home of Sayyidah Haleemah رضی الله عنها over thirty-five years ago.

Mean whilst the Prophet ﷺ watched this shocking and overwhelming sight, that was completely unperceivable. Allah  سبحانه و تعالی alone knows how the heart of His beloved felt at that moment. For years he was hearing the overwhelming statements of his Prophecy and special status, words that were almost fearsome for a humble being who sincerely felt the gravity of being a Prophet of God. Yet this was no monk, nor a man, nor a woman, but an angel – and that too the arch-angel – who was unlike any other being he ﷺ had ever seen. A startling sight that instantly signified the nature of Prophecy.

Without a moment to absorb this enormous sight, the Prophet ﷺ suddenly heard Jibra’eel علیه السلام powerfully declare:



This sudden proclamation began adding to the rush of this experience, as the Prophet ﷺ started feeling something he had never felt before. These words were extremely perplexing for the Prophet ﷺ who was Ummiyy (Unlettered), and thus could not fulfil the powerful proclamation of this unknown being. He ﷺ innocently said:

مَا أَنَا بِقَارِئٍ

“I am not one who can read”

No sooner did he ﷺ say these words that suddenly he witnessed this unknown being rush towards him and instantly take hold of him in an extremely powerful embrace. As Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام held the Prophet ﷺ tight, Allah  سبحانه و تعالی alone knows the reality of what transpired at this moment, and he سبحانه و تعالی alone knows how Jibra’eel felt finally embracing his most beloved Master Muhammad ﷺ!

However, this embrace was extremely difficult and physically exerting for the Prophet ﷺ, until he ﷺ felt he could no longer survive, when suddenly he was let go of and he heard this unknown being powerfully proclaim a second time:



Without even a moment to catch his breath from such an exerting and exhilarating experience, the Prophet ﷺ once again innocently replied:

مَا أَنَا بِقَارِئٍ

“I am not one who can read”

He ﷺ barely finished this sentence when he bore the startling sight of this being forcefully rushing towards him and powerfully embracing him in the same manner again. The Prophet ﷺ continued to persevere a second time and he once again felt he could no longer bear it, just before he was released a second time.


“RECITE!”, the angel powerfully proclaimed again in the same manner as the Prophet ﷺ once again innocently pleaded: “I am not one who can read”.  The angel flashed forward again and powerfully embraced the Prophet ﷺ for a third time, completely exerting the Prophet’s ﷺ strength beyond human endurance, until the Prophet ﷺ felt lifeless and feared his soul was about to leave his body. Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام then released the Prophet ﷺ for a third and final time. Now the Prophet ﷺ watched – completely exhausted – as Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام powerfully declared:

اقْرَأْ بِاسْمِ رَبِّكَ الَّذِي خَلَقَ ﴿١﴾ خَلَقَ الْإِنسَانَ مِنْ عَلَقٍ ﴿٢﴾ اقْرَأْ وَرَبُّكَ الْأَكْرَمُ ﴿٣﴾

Recite in the name of your Lord, who has created (all that exists), created man from a clot. Recite! And your Lord is the Most Generous.” (Surah Al-Alaq 96:1-3)

This time the Prophet ﷺ experienced something different, and began proclaiming these verses himself, word for word, letter by letter, as it suddenly felt like these words were etched in his blessed heart. (Ibn Ishaq, Ibn Hisham, Sahih Al-Bukhari)

The Heart of the Prophet ﷺ

The Prophet ﷺ had just experienced the verbatim word of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی being revealed and preserved in his heart. Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام witnessed this miraculous moment, as the weight of the mighty speech of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی transferred into the very heart which he علیه السلام washed and held all those years ago. This was a momentous scene for Jibra’eel علیه السلام to see with his own eyes. No other vessel in creation was strong enough to yield the force of the direct revelation of the Qur’aan.

The Tajalliyy (Manifestations of Divine Glory) of Allah  سبحانه و تعالی, are intensely powerful and majestic, beyond the limits of what creation can bear, and such was the Tajalliyy of Wahi (Divine Revelation). Sayyidina Jibra’eel علیه السلام was aware that when Sayyidinaa Musa علیه السلام earnestly begged Allah  سبحانه و تعالی for the blessing of seeing his Lord, Allah  سبحانه و تعالی showed Sayyidinaa Musa علیه السلام the inability of bearing the divine sight by manifesting his Tajalliyy upon a mighty mountain which instantly turned to dust and immediately made Sayyidinaa Musa علیه السلام unconscious. (Surah Aa’raf 7:143).

Yet he just witnessed the heart of Prophet ﷺ bear the intense Tajalliyy of the Qur’aan Al-Kareem, whilst remaining completely safe and sound. It is in reference to this that Allah  سبحانه و تعالی tells us in the Qur’aan:

لَوْ أَنزَلْنَا هَـٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانَ عَلَىٰ جَبَلٍۢ لَّرَأَيْتَهُۥ خَـٰشِعًۭا مُّتَصَدِّعًۭا مِّنْ خَشْيَةِ ٱللَّهِ ۚ وَتِلْكَ ٱلْأَمْثَـٰلُ نَضْرِبُهَا لِلنَّاسِ لَعَلَّهُمْ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

“If We had sent down this Qur’aan upon a mountain, you would have seen it humbled and splitting from fear of Allah. And these examples We present to the people that perhaps they will give thought.” (Surah Al-Hashr 59:21)

The pure heart of the Prophet ﷺ was the strongest and most-fortified vessel in all of Allah’s creation, which could solely bear the weight of the Qur’aan being revealed straight to it.

The Weight of The Qur’aan

The Prophet ﷺ felt such an exhilarating and exerting embrace from Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام, which initiated his heart for this task. In his ﷺ later years, the Prophet’s ﷺ heart continued to grow even stronger and bear even more powerful modes of direct revelation. The weight of these words was so mighty that the strongest of animals would suddenly buckle to the ground as soon as the Qur’aan began descending upon him whilst he was riding atop them. The heat of the glory and majesty that accompanied the verses of the Qur’aan was so intense that he ﷺ would sweat on the coldest of days. The stages of revelation continued to increase stronger and stronger until the Prophet ﷺ is reported to have said in regards to the first form of revelation:

وَهُوَ أَهْوَنُهُ عَلَیَّ

“And it was the lightest (form of revelation) upon me” (Sahih Abu Awaanah, Al-Itqaan)

This is what Our Beloved Prophet ﷺ would endure for a single verse of the Qur’aan, and yet, we have the audacity to abandon its recitation to the extent that Our Beloved Prophet ﷺ will say on the day of Qiyaamah:

وَقَالَ ٱلرَّسُولُ يَـٰرَبِّ إِنَّ قَوْمِى ٱتَّخَذُوا۟ هَـٰذَا ٱلْقُرْءَانَ مَهْجُورًۭا

And the Messenger has said, “O my Lord, indeed my people have taken this Qur’aan as [a thing] abandoned.” (Surah Al-Furqan 25:30)

May Allah  سبحانه و تعالی adorn our hearts with the Qur’aan and guide us to fulfil its true right. Ameen!

The Messenger of Allah ﷺ

After witnessing this, Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام left the cave. The Prophet ﷺ watched as this unknown being disappeared, and he ﷺ had to stand up alone after experiencing such a bewildering and shocking experience. He ﷺ rushed outside the cave as his blessed heart was racing, when he ﷺ suddenly heard the words:

يا محمد ، أنت رسول الله، وأنا جبريل

“O Muhammad! ﷺ You are the Messenger of Allah, and I am Jibra’eel” (Ibn Ishaaq)

He ﷺ looked up to see the same unknown being over the horizon. Wherever he ﷺ turned, he saw him علیه السلام, repeating the same frightening statement over and over. The Prophet ﷺ quickly ran down the mountain as he rushed towards Makkah, whilst Sayyidinaa Jibra’eel علیه السلام watched the Seal of Prophecy, and the Leader of the Messengers ﷺ begin his journey of twenty-three years, with his heart now bearing the mantle of Prophethood, and the eternal words of his Lord…

Join us tomorrow as we continue with our next article: “The First Believer: Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها”

#17: The Cave of Hira: The Prelude to Prophethood

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم
الحمد لله رب العالمين الذي منّ علی المؤمنين اذ بعث فيهم رسولا من انفسهم يتلوا عليهم ايته و يزكيهم و يعلمهم الكتاب و الحكمة و ان كانوا من قبلُ لفي ضلال مّبين

After the rebuilding of the Blessed Kaa’bah, the people of Makkah had rejoiced and upgraded their preparations for pilgrims, traders and tourists alike. The newly restored structure of the Kaa’bah was perceived as a great new milestone for Makkah and a historic moment to rejoice. However, the immediate ground surrounding the Kaa’bah was still pierced by nails of stone in the form of idols. The blessed precincts of the Haram had become a home for the “Daar Al-Nadwah”, a parliamentary-house wherein the corrupt leaders of Makkah would meet, plot and discuss matters of their concern. The marketplaces were still stocked with deceit and exploitation. The cold, rough streets had become bedding for the impoverished, whilst the houses of the elite had become taverns and brothels of immorality. The walls of the Kaa’bah may have been damaged and renewed, but the very soul and essence of Makkah was in even greater disrepair, and desperately in need of restoration.

The Pinnacle Age

Two years had now passed since the rebuilding of the Kaa’bah, and the Prophet ﷺ was now thirty-seven years old. He ﷺ was now approaching the age of peak-human form, wherein a person’s physical and mental faculties reach their pinnacle:

حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُۥ وَبَلَغَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةًۭ

“…till when he attains full strength and reaches forty years…” (Surah Al-Ahqaaf 46:15)

For almost four decades, he ﷺ would have to bear the constant rush of voices chanting statements of Shirk (Paganism), the sinister laughter of corrupt leaders, the cries of the weak and impoverished, and the screams of tortured slaves that endlessly reverberated throughout Makkah.

As he ﷺ grew older, these evil and unlawful practices became severer in his sight, and more intolerable to his pure heart. Such practices are constricting upon the heart and burdening upon the soul. Imaan (Faith) expands one’s heart in the vastness of Allah’s remembrance and worship, whilst Shirk (Paganism), Kufr (Disbelief) and Maa’siyah (Disobedience) burden the heart with darkness. Thus, a heart filled with Imaan feels free amidst the remembrance of Allahسبحانه و تعالی, and feels uncomfortable amidst idols and the mention of false-deities. It feels expanded in the presence of good deeds, and constricted in the presence of sin. Thus, the Prophet ﷺ taught us in a hadith:

الْبِرُّ مَا اطْمَأَنَّتْ إِلَيْهِ النَّفْسُ وَاطْمَأَنَّ إِلَيْهِ الْقَلْبُ وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي النَّفْسِ وَتَرَدَّدَ فِي الصَّدْرِ وَإِنْ أَفْتَاكَ النَّاسُ

“Piety is that with which the soul is tranquil and the heart is tranquil, but sin is that which rouses suspicion in the soul and is perplexing in the chest, even if people give you a decision in its favour.” (Musnad Ahmad)

Furthermore, the feeling of such repulsion in the presence of evil is the baseline of Imaan, as the Prophet ﷺ is reported to have said:

مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الإِيمَانِ ‏

”Whoever amongst you sees something evil should rectify it by his hand; and if he is unable to do so, , then with his tongue, and if he is unable to do so, then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the weakest (degree) of faith.” (Sahih Muslim)

The Prelude to Prophethood

In addition to this, an unstoppable force was illuminating his heart, a force that could not yet be qualified or understood, but was a prelude to an imminent realisation that would soon transpire. As this luminous force within him collided against the dark forces of Jaahiliyyah (Ignorance) around him, his heart felt increasingly constricted.

This led the Prophet ﷺ to an increasingly deep state of contemplation. He ﷺ was now entering in to the first prelude of Nuboowwah (Prophethood), just as the prophets before him had experienced. He ﷺ found himself in the same position as Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام, whose search to decode the luminous force within his heart led him atop a mountain, as he sat in contemplation, gazing upon the vastness of the Universe.

The twinkling of the stars, the radiance of the moon, and the grandeur of the sun that overpowered it were all signs of majesty that led Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام through the path of discovery. Until his heart was opened by the luminous force within him that could no longer be contained. That which was Al-Baatin (Concealed) by these glimpses of majesty had become Al-Zaahir (Manifest) as he recognised the force within his heart was a yearning love for the Lord of the Worlds! He who is Al-Rahmaan (The Most-Gracious), He is Al-Raheem (The Most Merciful), He is Al-Khaaliq (The Creator of All), He is Al-Baatin (The Concealed), He is Al-Zaahir (The Manifest), He is the question and He is the answer. He is Allah! There is no god, no truth, nor reality but Him! (Ibn Katheer, Surah Al-An’aam 6:79)

As Our Beloved Prophet ﷺ entered into this phase, Allah سبحانه و تعالی guided him to depart from the whirlwind of Jaahiliyyah, and come out in search of a station of serenity. This search led the Prophet ﷺ to seek the Cave of Hira…

The Cave of Hira

The Cave of Hira was situated in a mountain on the outskirts of Makkah. It was the cave first deployed by his grandfather – Abdul-Muttalib – as a fortress of solitude against the ills that plagued over the blessed city Makkah. (Ibn Al Atheer)

The Prophet ﷺ – after consultation with his beloved wife and family – began retreating to the Cave of Hira for a number of days at a time. Sayyidah Khadijahرضی الله عنها would stand by his ﷺ side, supporting him through this phase, packing provisions for his stay and regularly checking up on him out of love and care. He ﷺ would also frequent her and his family without ever neglecting them. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Ibn Ishaaq, Ibn Hishaam)

The next three years would see the Prophet ﷺ increase his stay in the cave, as the plague of ignorance hovering over Makkah intensified, all the way until the Prophet ﷺ reached the age of forty.

The Age of Prophecy

As the month of Rabi’ul Awwal, 610 AD came to a close, the Prophet ﷺ was now forty-years old and had reached the age of peak-human condition. He ﷺ continued retreating to the Cave of Hira. Here the Prophet ﷺ – as narrated by Sayyidah Aa’ishah رضی الله عنها – would sit in the serenity of silence – free from the echoes of ignorance – and engage in deep contemplation and reflection. (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Ibn Ishaaq, Ibn Hisham)

However, the Prophet ﷺ began experiencing something new, something different, that was extra-ordinary and inexplainable. He ﷺ saw a pattern, where he would witness an incident in a dream, only to experience it in reality. His dreams in the night transpired into a reality amidst broad daylight, just as the crack of dawn undeniably splits through the night and forms the day. (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

The signs of his arrival had now started transpiring through the spiritual realm, and manifesting into our world. A magnitude of positive energies, Noor (Light), Barakah (Blessings) and Rahma (Mercy) were descending from the heavens, permeating the earth’s atmosphere. Both the Malaa’ikah (Angels) and Jinns alike witnessed this, including the Shayaateen (Devils) that were now trembling as they rushed down from the spatial barrier of the first heaven, plummeting down towards earth to warn their soothsayers. (Ibn Ishaaq, Ibn Hisham)

As these signs continued to manifest, the Prophet ﷺ began experiencing another strange phenomenon. The innocent and inanimate creatures of Allah سبحانه و تعالی began rejoicing at the imminent arrival of the Prophet ﷺ. He ﷺ was walking through the valleys of Makkah – en route to the mountain – when the sound of voices arose amidst the serene silence. The Prophet ﷺ would hear the following words echoing around him:

السَّلَامُ عَلَيْكَ يَا رَسُولَ اللّٰهِ

“Peace be upon you! O Messenger of Allah!”

When he ﷺ would look around, he would see nothing besides stones and trees. There would not be a single person present amidst the hosts of voices greeting him. This overwhelming experience continued until the Prophet ﷺ recognised that the stones and trees themselves were greeting him out of love and reverence. Years later, the Prophet ﷺ stated that he ﷺ could recognise those innocent stones that would greet him with Salaam. (Sahih Muslim, Ibn Hishaam, Ibn Ishaaq)

If this is the state of a stone, what rank will a believer’s heart reach when it sincerely sends Salaam to Our Beloved Prophet ﷺ with love and reverence?

صلی الله علیه و سلم

The Night of Power

These phenomena continued to occur and increase in frequency over a period of six months. Until one powerful night – during the month of Ramadhan – the Prophet ﷺ was in the solitude of the cave, when something amazing happened. He ﷺ was in the serenity of silence, when an astonishing sight suddenly flashed before his blessed eyes. The Prophet ﷺ witnessed a totally overwhelming sight, that was about to change his life, forever…

To find out what happens next, join us tomorrow for our next article: “The Arrival of Jibra’eel علیه السلام“

#16: Rebuilding the Kaa’bah

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ وَ الصَّلوٰةُ وَ السَّلَامُ عَلىٰ اَطْيَبِ خَلْقِ اللهِ نَسَبًا وَ حَسَبًا وَ صَهْرًا , سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلىٰ آلِهِ وَ صَحْبِهِ وَ بَارِكْ وَ سَلِّمْ

After the Prophet’s ﷺ blessed marriage to Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, their blessed home had grown and developed as the years passed. It had now been ten years since, and the Prophet ﷺ was now thirty-five years old.  . He walked through the streets of Makkah brightening its day with His beautiful smile which uplifted the hearts of all he passed, as a beacon of hope for the poor and oppressed, the socially rejected and the communally abandoned. The situation of Makkah had now become more concerning than ever for the Prophet ﷺ. His ﷺ pure heart was pained by the rampant practices of Shirk (Paganism) & Jaahiliyyah (Ignorance), as well as the prevalence of deceit and immorality that had swept throughout Makkah. 

His ﷺ blessed heart was especially grieved when witnessing the condition of the Kaa’bah. This was the legacy of his forefather Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام, a structure he was commanded to build for the remembrance of Allah سبحانه و تعالی and the establishment of Tawheed. Yet the Prophet ﷺ would now see it surrounded by over three-hundred and sixty idols with repulsive forms.

The Original Kaa’bah

At this point in time the Kaa’bah was still upon the foundations and construction of Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام, the shape and form of which was different to the cubic structure we see today. The Hateem or Hijr (the open semi-circle in front of the Kaa’bah) was enclosed within its structure, and thus the shape was more rectangular with a semi-circular edge on one side. Its walls were made of layered stone and were not very high, being slightly above the average head-height. The roof of the Kaa’bah was open without any form of ceiling enclosure.

An approximate visualisation based on reports of the Kaa'bah at that time.

The Need for Renewal

In addition to the placement of idols, the structure of the Kaa’bah was also greatly neglected at this point. On one occasion a woman had heedlessly set fire to the Kiswah (The Outer Drapes of the Kaa’bah), through which the fire spread across its walls. Ignorance and greed had spread to the extent that thieves began seeing the lack of a roof as an opportunity to jump over its walls and steal any entrustments the Quraysh had placed within it. In addition to this, Makkah was affected by torrential flooding in this year, due to which the structure of the Kaa’bah – which was already in a state of disrepair – was irreversibly damaged.

After the effect of the flooding, the Kaa’bah was urgently in need of renovation. The leaders of Quraysh thus came to the realisation that they must now de-construct the current remains and build the Kaa’bah anew. Even though the people of Makkah and its elitist leaders had fallen into corrupt states, Allah سبحانه و تعالی preserved a special love and veneration for the Kaa’bah in their hearts. The decision to renovate was finalised and the preparatory discussions were underway.

The Planning Phase

The Quraysh began discussing the primary logistical factors for the project at hand, including funding, materials, structural engineering and the distribution of responsibilities. Concerns were raised in regards to various aspects, as the people of Makkah were not skilled in craftsmanship, nor did they have access to the required materials. Thereafter the matter of funding – which was perceived as the least concern – also became a major topic of concern, ultimately proving to be their biggest challenge in the end. However, they failed to realise… this was the plan of Allah سبحانه و تعالی, and to quote the words of the Prophet’s ﷺgrandfather Abdul-Muttalib:

ولهذا البيت رب هو يمنعه

“This house has a Lord, He will protect it!” (Ibn Ishaaq)

The next few events that transpired show us a glimpse of the detailed perfection and vast scale of Allah’s سبحانه و تعالی perfect decree for all things.

Pure for Pure

With the involvement of such wealthy and influential leaders, the matter of funding was considered the least of concern. However, their corrupt nature ensured that most – if not all – of their wealth was attained through illicit and immoral means, acquired unlawfully and oppressively. Would such sanctified walls be built upon such detestable foundations? Certainly not! Allah سبحانه و تعالی protected the sanctity of His house and placed it in the heart of Abu Wahab ibn Amr (the brother of the Faatimah bint ‘Amr, the Prophet’s ﷺ paternal grandmother), to take a stand and ensure that only pure wealth – gained through lawful and honourable means – would be utilised for this blessed project. Upon his statement, Allah سبحانه و تعالی endowed their hearts with a firm resolve to only bring forth the pure of their wealth.

With the matter of funding concluded, their remained the question of sourcing materials and finding a skilled-craftsmen for the structural engineering of the new Kaa’bah:

A Ship With a Purpose

From this moment onwards the books of Seerah give us a glimpse into the marvellous plan of Allah سبحانه و تعالی. He سبحانه و تعالی is the “Musabbibul Asbaab” (The Producer of Means). He سبحانه و تعالی is the one who brings forth grains from the depths of the earth and navigates them across oceans and shores, causing them to be held in the grasp of our plates for us to consume, little does man reflect! In the same amazing fashion, Allah سبحانه و تعالی caused a range of the finest materials to be gathered amidst a huge ship which would be dispatched for a construction project.

As we zoom out from the mountains of Makkah and into the gardens of Rome, a Byzantian king was loading a great ship of the finest building materials for the construction of a temple in Yemen. As this ship sets its course for Yemen, Allah سبحانه و تعالی sent a gale of wind and set the ship upon its true course: Jeddah. The ship thus washed up on the shores of the Jeddah port, the closest port to Makkah Al Mukarramah. Transition back into Makkah and we see that news of this ship reached the nobles of Quraysh, who immediately agreed upon its acquirement. When they reached the port to purchase all the materials, they were met with one more surprise: Baqoom, an extremely skilled craftsmen who was consigned to oversee construction alongside the materials on board.

Entering back into Makkah, we now find all the preparations underway and it was simply a matter of commencing the first phase of the project: Deconstruction.

The Audacity to Strike

The date was set and the greatest nobles of Quraysh gathered around the Kaa’bah to witness this ground-breaking event. There was only one problem: who dare have the audacity to strike any part of the Kaa’bah?

With all the great and mighty hands present, none had the strength to do so. After much commotion Al-Waleed ibn Al Mugheerah – one of the senior leaders of Quraysh – decided to initiate this blessed project and take the first step.

He reluctantly struck a portion of the wall between Rukn Al-Yamani (The Yemen-facing corner of the Kaa’bah) and Al-Hajar Al-Aswad. A great fear of punishment befell those who were present and they could not continue further. They decided to wait for a period and see what outcome befalls Al-Waleed ibn Mugheerah, citing him as a test of whether to proceed or not. The next-morning they found Al-Waleed safe and enthusiastically proceeding with demolishing the wall. Upon seeing him safe, others rushed to follow and the momentous project was initiated at his hands.

The Honour of Acceptance

An important point to reflect upon at this juncture is the matter of Al-Waleed ibn Mugheerah and his true nature. Whilst Al-Waleed ibn Mugheerah was accepted for the initiation of the project, this acceptance was of no avail to him in the end, for he possessed a corrupt heart and was devoid of the light of Imaan. He became one of the worst enemies to Our Prophet ﷺ and his mission, leading himself to the Hell-fire in the worst of manners. In short this is an eye-opening reality for all of us to ponder upon. True acceptance is not in our names being accepted, but rather in our deeds being accepted by Allah سبحانه و تعالی. The reality of good does not lie within our hands, but in our hearts.

Thus, when Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام completed the huge task of constructing the Kaa’bah upon divine instruction, he did not dwell upon the privilege of being accepted for such a deed, but rather feared if the efforts produced at his hands were accepted by Allah سبحانه و تعالی. He supplicated to Allah سبحانه و تعالی upon completion saying:

وَإِذْ يَرْفَعُ إِبْرَٰهِـۧمُ الْقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ الْبَيْتِ وَإِسْمَـٰعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلْ مِنَّآ ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

“And [mention] when Ibraahim was raising the foundations of the House and [with him] Isma’eel, [saying], “Our Lord, accept [this] from us. Indeed, You are the Hearing, the Knowing” (Surah Al-Baqarah 2:127)

Thus, for all of us who have been accepted for the service of this religion, we must purify our intentions and seek that our efforts and actions be accepted by Allah سبحانه و تعالی. We must not concern ourselves with merely being accepted for such roles and titles.

Construction Commences

All of the walls at surface level were demolished and the Hajr Al Aswad was safely placed aside. They continued digging further, deep into the ground until they witnessed a layer of green cobalt stones that were merged in succession like camel humps. This was the original foundation placed by Sayyidinaa Ibraahim علیه السلام, firmly established in the ground through divine assistance. In the fervour of demolition, one of the Makkans rushed to dig beyond this foundation and barely completed striking between two stones when a huge tremor struck him, increasing in magnitude as it rippled throughout Makkah. This stopped them in their tracks and they knew not to touch this blessed foundation which was protected by Allah سبحانه و تعالی.

Under the supervision of Baqoom, the materials, roofing and framework were underway and the responsibility of construction was divided into the four sections of the Kaa’bah, with each section being assigned to a tribal faction of Quraysh.

In the footsteps of Sayyidinaa Isma’eel علیه السلام

As construction was on course, the Makkans worked throughout the day to complete the project. Our Beloved Prophet ﷺ personally contributed, working hard in the scorching heat of the sun. He took upon the same responsibility of his forefather Sayyidinaa Ismaa’eel علیه السلام, carrying the bricks which would build the walls of the blessed Kaa’bah.

Due to the severe heat and physical exertion, the people would dress in a single lower-garment in wrapped at waist-level. This left their shoulders and upper chest exposed to the grazing of the rough surfaces they carried. Our Prophet ﷺ was carrying the bricks with his paternal uncle Sayydinaa Abbas رضی الله عنه, when his uncle noticed the blessed shoulders of Our Prophet ﷺ being grazed. He رضی الله عنه advised that the lower-garment wrap be removed from the waist and placed over the shoulders to protect the skin. Many individuals had already done so without hesitation, even though this rendered them partially naked and exposed their private regions. The impact of Jahiliyyah had desensitised them from true Hayaa (Modesty) and normalised such a shameful act.

In such a society where nakedness was becoming normalised, the pure Hayaa of Our Prophet ﷺ was such that he barely removed his garment (upon the instruction of his uncle) when he ﷺ almost lost consciousness and immediately rushed to cover himself. This was the pure Fitrah (Nature) of Our Prophet ﷺ, even before prophethood. When a person loses such an integral part of their very essence, they repel the fabric of their nature and destroy an imperative branch upon which Imaan rests, as we know from the beautiful Hadith:

إِنَّ الْحَيَاءَ شُعْبَةٌ مِنَ الإِيمَانِ

“Indeed modesty is a branch of faith.” (Ibn Maajah)

Without this pillar of Hayaa, not only does one destroy themselves internally, but also prevents themselves from upholding Imaan, thus the Prophet ﷺ said:

إِذَا لَمْ تَسْتَحْيِ فَاصْنَعْ مَا شِئْتَ

 “If you do not feel Hayaa (Modesty/Shame), then do whatever you like.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

Budget Constraints

Construction was reaching great progress, with an overwhelming majority of work nearing completion. It was at this moment that the Quraysh realised they were faced with severe budget constraints. The insufficient funds could not be replenished either, as all of the Halaal (lawfully acquired) wealth had already been depleted. Due to this obstacle and other contributing factors, an executive decision was made to alter the plans and reduce the final build of the Kaa’bah. This would result in the Kaa’bah being built 75% from one side, as they worked their way across the original foundation of Sayyidina Ibraahim علیه السلام, and then a wall being built to cap off the structure just before the Hateem (the semi-circle in front the Kaa’bah). The unconstructed area would then be fenced off with a trellis to mark the section where the walls originally would have been if construction was completed.

Hajr Al-Aswad: The Quest for Honour

As construction flowed steadily, they reached the phase of placing the blessed Hajr Al-Aswad (The Black Stone) back into its position. At this critical juncture, the question arose as to who would yield this honour?. Various notables and tribal leaders rushed to the opportunity, insisting they must acquire this prestigious task. The situation became intense as their insistence turned into persistence. Voices were raised and the debate intensified, with each person fighting for their tribe to be rightful. This led to a halt in construction and delayed progression for a number of days, until the fierce quarrels erupted and physical combat was imminent. Swords were drawn and bloodshed was in order for the attainment of this honour. Each fighting party determined to exclude the rest, so they alone could bear the pride of its imposition.

At this critical moment, Abu Umayyah ibn Mugheerah Al-Makhzoomi – one of the oldest and wisest men of Quraysh – called out in one final attempt of desperation. He wished to prevent the fighting by offering an alternative solution that everyone may find plausible. The people turned their attention towards him amidst this fierce, blood-rushing moment, awaiting his solution to this issue. But a wise man is called so for a reason. Abu Umayyah knew not to put himself in between this fierce cross-fire, as any solution would result in a number of excluded parties being infuriated and seeking vengeance upon the provider of the solution. Abu Umayyah however, proposed a different path. He advised that all the tribes focus their attention towards the entrance of the sacred precincts of the Haram, and whomsoever will be the first to enter may decide which tribe will be elected. The people agreed to this and quickly focussed their attention on who will enter.

All eyes were now set upon the entrance of the haram. Their blood was still rushing in infuriation, whilst their hearts began pumping rapidly in suspense. Each of them wondered whether the one who enters will favour them and exclude the others, or will the opposite be so? The sound of their racing-hearts began drowning out the rush of thoughts erupting in their minds, when suddenly the sound of footsteps emerging in the distance reached their ears. Intensity levels were raised to the maximum as and their sights were fixing in towards the entrance when suddenly…none other than Our Master Muhammad ﷺ graced the haram with his blessed presence.

A cheer of smiles and chants instantly erupted and echoed throughout the haram, as the spirits of one and all – including the Kaa’bah and the ground of the haram itself – were uplifted. Each of them chanting:

هَذَا الْأَمِينُ، رَضِينَا، هَذَا مُحَمَّدٌ

“This is Al-Ameen (The Trustworthy), We are pleased! This is Muhammad!” (Ibn Hisham)

This was the only soul that had never wronged a single person. Due to the beauty of his character, each person felt they were the dearest to him and he ﷺ would certainly favour them. This scene was completely sudden and unexpected for the Prophet ﷺ, who was surrounded by the rush of people. The issue was raised to the Prophet ﷺ amongst the bustle of voices calling out, each of them asking who should be chosen and who should be excluded. However, they could not see any other solution besides elimination and exclusion. But this was the heart of the Prophet ﷺ, they were asking. His heart would not exclude anyone from that which was good and beneficial. He would always strive to include everyone in matters of good. 

When the Prophet ﷺ was born into this world, Iblees (The Arch-Devil) violently screamed out in despair, knowing he had lost to the one who would save more people from being excluded to the hell-fire, than all of the Prophets that came before him ﷺ (Al-Bidaayah Wa Al-Nihaayah)

The Prophet ﷺ instructed that a large sheet be brought, upon which the Hajr Al-Aswad will be placed. Thereafter every tribal representative will hold the edge of the sheet together – in unity – and manoeuvre the stone to its designated position. Finally, the Prophet ﷺ fixed it into its place as the cloth was removed.

Thus, the Prophet ﷺ – as a young man of thirty-five – displayed his immense wisdom and intellect, which not only provided an ingenious solution that removed the obstacle of construction for this blessed project, but also prevented a civil war in the blessed precincts of the haram.

A New Hope

After this, the construction flowed rapidly and the new Kaa’bah was built. The constructed portion was in the form a square and was approximately fifteen meters high. The Hajr Al-Aswad wall and its adjacent side were ten meters wide, whilst the remaining two sides were twelve meters wide. The Black Stone was positioned 1.5 meters above the ground.  The door of the Kaa’bah was raised higher at two metres above ground level. A roof was constructed from Timber and held up by six internal pillars. (Ar-Raheeq Al-Makhtoom, Sahih Al-Bukhari, Ibn Hisham)

The renewal of the Kaa’bah was a momentous project which caused rejoice throughout Makkah. The context of its timing however, foreshadowed a much greater renewal: The renewal of the entire city of Makkah, and the whole world as we know it…

Join us tomorrow as we continue with our next article: “The Cave of Hira: The Prelude to Prophethood”

#15: Bayt Muhammad ﷺ: The Prophetic Household

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْم
اَلْحَمْدُ لِلّٰهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِيْنَ وَ الصَّلوٰةُ وَ السَّلَامُ عَلىٰ اَطْيَبِ خَلْقِ اللهِ نَسَبًا وَ حَسَبًا وَ صَهْرًا , سَيِّدِنَا مُحَمَّدٍ وَ عَلىٰ آلِهِ وَ صَحْبِهِ وَ بَارِكْ وَ سَلِّمْ

After the blessed marriage of the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, their blessed home flourished with love, purity, tranquillity and stability. It was the first home to be established upon piety, completely free from idol worship, pagan rituals and the ignorant practices that swept across the people of Makkah. Their blessed household was a model of understanding and co-operation, with the selfless essence of pure love at the forefront of everything. They had become an embodiment of the blessed verse:

وَمِنْ ءَايَـٰتِهِۦٓ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَٰجًۭا لِّتَسْكُنُوٓا۟ إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةًۭ وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِى ذَٰلِكَ لَـَٔايَـٰتٍۢ لِّقَوْمٍۢ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

“And of His signs is that He created for you from yourselves mates that you may find tranquillity in them; and He placed between you affection and mercy. Indeed, in that are signs for a people who give thought.” (Surah Al-Room 30:21)

The Prophet ﷺ as a Husband & Father

As a husband, the Prophet ﷺ was pro-active around the house. He ﷺ assisted his wife, catered for his family, mended his own shoes and more, without ever falling short in his responsibility to provide for and shelter his family. He ﷺ made his family and household a priority in his life as they deserved, putting them first before his own self.

The Prophet ﷺ was kind, gentle and friendly with his wives and his entire family, treating them with love and affection. He ﷺ was playful and easy-going as well as firm and protective. He embodied his responsibility as a husband and father. He would accommodate the needs of his family and exercise patience with them. The Prophet ﷺ would adorn himself and purify himself for his blessed wives in the home. He ﷺ would greet his family with love when leaving and entering the home. He ﷺ would kiss his wives when bidding farewell. He would kiss his children and play with them. He ﷺ gave great importance to the treatment of one’s family and instructed the Sahaabah:

خَيْرُكُمْ خَيْرُكُمْ لِأَهْلِهِ وَأَنَا خَيْرُكُمْ لِأَهْلِي

“The best of you are the best to their families, and I am the best to my family” (Tirmidhi)

Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها as a Wife & Mother

As one of the wealthiest and most successful traders in Makkah, Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها never allowed the hours required for her work, nor the lure of success to distract her from her family, whom she dearly loved. She would always fulfil her responsibility to her husband and her family before anything else, she made it clear that there was nothing in this world she loved more than Muhammad ﷺ, and her children. Her wealth, and her success meant nothing to her in comparison to her love for her family. She was ready to deplete every penny she earned just to see them smile.

Together they had become a force for good, aiding the community and assisting the weak and impoverished. The Prophet ﷺ, Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, and their blessed family were ready to stay hungry, but give preference to the poor and needy, to their neighbours, to the travelling wayfarer, and even a small animal in need.

The Blessed Family of the Prophet ﷺ

Along with the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, the children of Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها from her previous marriages were also a part of this beautiful new home. The Prophet ﷺ loved and cared for them, standing in the position of a father, which they did not have for all these years. This included two boys: Hind ibn Abi Halah, Halah ibn Abi Halah, and one girl: Hind ibn Ateeq. They dearly loved the Prophet ﷺ, with Hind ibn Abi Halah giving us one of the best narrations describing the beautiful form of Our Beloved Prophet ﷺ.

Over the next ten years, their lives flourished together and their family grew, with the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها being blessed with children of their own:

  1. Sayyidinaa Qaasim رضی الله عنه
    He was the first child of the Prophet ﷺ. He brought great joy to the heart of the Prophet ﷺ. Through his birth the Prophet ﷺ had officially become a father, entering a new phase in his blessed life. The Prophet ﷺ was born in this world without his father, and thus could not be held in his arms. After all these years, the birth of Qaasim was a deep and emotional sentiment for Prophet ﷺ, experiencing this moment as a father, and holding his son in his arms. His birth also granted the Prophet ﷺ his Kunyah (Title/Appellation) of “Abul Qaasim” (The Father of Qaasim). However, after approximately two years, Qaasim passed away in infancy. The Prophet ﷺ saw his beloved wife in tears, as she held on to her innocent baby boy who was no longer breathing. After losing his father as an only son, the Prophet ﷺ had now lost his only son as a father. The Prophet ﷺ once again painfully returned to Jannah Al-Mu’alla, the Makkan cemetery where he witnessed his grandfather being buried when he was eight years old, whilst his heart felt the shattering pain of burying his pure baby boy.

  2. Sayyidah Zaynab رضی الله عنها
    She was their second child and their eldest daughter. After the pain of losing Qaasim, her upbringing brought joy and solace to their hearts. She was extremely beloved to her parents and grew up to be a reflection of her blessed mother. She would remind the Prophet ﷺ of Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها even after she passed away. When she grew up, she was the first to bless them with the happiness of a wedding in their home. She was married to Abul ‘Aas ibn Rabi’ رضی الله عنه who was also a family relative. She also gave the Prophet ﷺ his first grandchildren, her son ‘Ali and her daughter ‘Umamah. She faced struggles in the path of Allah سبحانه و تعالی, with her husband being forced away from her and even suffering a miscarriage due to the torture and oppression. She passed away during the final years of the Prophet’s ﷺ life in the eighth year after Hijrah (Migration) to Madinah Munawwarah.

  3. Sayyidah Ruqayyah رضی الله عنها
    She was their third child and second daughter. She grew up in the likeness of her parents and was dearly beloved to the Prophet ﷺ. As she grew older, she was married to Utbah, the son of the Prophet’s ﷺ uncle Abu Lahab. She was extremely forbearing and endured great tests for Islam, including an unjust divorce whilst she was still classed as a bride. Abu Lahab had ordered his sons to divorce the daughters of the Prophet ﷺ even before the marriage was consummated, as an act of rebellion against Islam and to punish his nephew for calling to the worship of Allah سبحانه و تعالی alone. She was later proposed to by – and married – the great companion Sayyidinaa Uthmaan ibn Affaan رضی الله عنه, one of the most handsome, wealthy and influential youths of Makkah. She migrated with her husband for the sake of Islam, and experienced the loss of an infant child. Her gentle heart bore great pain and sacrifice for Allah سبحانه و تعالی, until she passed away in the year 2 AH (After Hijrah)

  4. Sayyidah Umm Kulthoom رضی الله عنها
    She was their fourth child and third daughter. She grew up closely with her sister Ruqayyah رضی الله عنها, even marrying into the same family as her. She was married to Utaybah ibn Abi Lahab and was likewise oppressively divorced in the same manner. She spent the longest period supporting her father in the Prophetic ﷺ household. After her sister passed away, Sayyidinaa Uthmaan relieved the heart of the Prophet ﷺ once again by marrying Sayyidah Umm Kulthoom رضی الله عنها. As Sayyidinaa Uthman loved, sheltered and cared for the pure, innocent heart of Umm Kulthoom رضی الله عنها in the same manner, he was blessed with the unique honor of Dhun-Nurain (The Bearer of Two Lights). He became the only man in all of creation to love and marry two daughters of a Prophet, and that too the daughters of the Greatest Prophet ﷺ. She passed away during the lifetime of the Prophet ﷺ in the year 9 AH.

  5. Sayyidah Faatimah Al-Batool Az-Zahra رضی الله عنها
    She رضی الله عنها was their fifth child and their youngest daughter. She bore the name of the Prophet’s ﷺ paternal grandmother (Fatimah bint Amr), her maternal grandmother (Faatimah bint Zaa’idah, the mother of Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها), as well as Prophet’s ﷺ dear aunt and mother-figure Sayyidah Faatimah bint Asad رضی الله عنها. She was immensely close to her beloved father and the dearest to him. She was married to Sayyidina ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib رضی الله عنه and gave birth to three boys and two girls. Her sons were Sayyidinaa Hassan رضی الله عنه, Sayyidinaa Hussain رضی الله عنه and Sayyidinaa Muhsin رضی الله عنه. Her daughters were Sayyidah Umm Kulthoom رضی الله عنها and Sayyidah Zaynab رضی الله عنها. She was the only child to live throughout the life of the Prophet ﷺ, and passed away approximately six months after the Prophet ﷺ.

  6. Sayyidinaa Abdullah رضی الله عنه
    He was their sixth child and their youngest. He was extremely beloved to his parents and bore the name of the Prophet’s ﷺ father. He was born around the time of receiving Nuboowwah, either just before or shortly after (Ibn Saa’d). He was the first son that was born after the demise their first child Qaasim رضی الله عنه and was lovingly called Al-Tayyib and Al-Taahir (The Absolute Pure). His innocent smile, his pure eyes and his adorable hands and feet were a joyful solace that the Prophet ﷺ could come home to amidst the painful struggle of his mission. However, Abdullah رضی الله عنه too passed away in infancy, deeply paining the heart of the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, as he ﷺ buried another child with his own hands.

All of the children of the Prophet ﷺ were born from Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها, except for Sayyidinaa Ibraahim رضی الله عنه who was born towards the final years of his ﷺ life in the year 8 AH. In addition to their blessed children, the household of the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها was also a home to:

  1. Sayyidinaa ‘Ali ibn Abi Taalib رضی الله عنه
    He was the son the Prophet’s ﷺ beloved uncle Abu Taalib and his dear aunt Sayyidah Faatimah bint Asad رضی الله عنها. The Prophet ﷺ was extremely fond of Sayyidinaa ‘Ali رضی الله عنه and raised him in his home with love and care.

  2. Sayyidinaa Zayd ibn Haarithah رضی الله عنه
    During the corrupt and oppressive landscape of Jaahiliyyah, slave-traders and child-traffickers were rampant throughout the world and free to do as they pleased, even holding an open-stall in the marketplaces to auction and sell ‘children’ as commodities. Due to this practice, Sayyidinaa Zayd رضی الله عنه was kidnapped as a child and eventually sold as a slave in the vicinity of Makkah. His parents were absolutely distraught and his father Haarithah wandered the vast Arabian deserts in an endless search for his son. Eventually Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنها was ‘gifted’ this slave-child as the people of Makkah saw them as commodities of trade and house-hold accessories, not as human beings or children. The blessed of heart of the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidinaa Khadijah رضی الله عنها were completely averse to such evil practices. They were champions for the liberation of slaves. In the later years of Nuboowwah, the Prophet ﷺ instructed the freedom and liberation of slaves as an essential act of Islam, even making it an obligation to free a multiple of slaves every time a penalty was required for violations such as breaking the compulsory fasts of Ramadhan.

    Thus the Prophet ﷺ and Sayyidah Khadijah رضی الله عنه took Sayyidinaa Zayd into their home and nurtured him like their own children. They embraced a scared, innocent boy that had been kidnapped from his parents, and gave him a home, a place to belong and feel cared for.  They raised him as an adoptive son and showered him with such love, that years later when his father finally found him, he could not bear to separate from the Prophet ﷺ, choosing him over his own parents. The Prophet ﷺ would state for years to come that Sayyidinaa Zayd رضی الله عنه was the “most beloved of people” to him ﷺ (Sahih Al-Bukhari)

May Allah سبحانه و تعالی bless Our Beloved Master Muhammad ﷺ, his pure wives, his blessed off-spring and his pure blood-line, and allow us to be connected with them in this world and in Jannah. Ameen Yaa Rabbal ‘Aalameen!

Join us tomorrow for our next article: “Rebuilding the Kaa’bah”